AP World History Period 2


Terms in this set (...)

founded around 563 bc Siddhartha guatama was born and came into the question of fairness of earthly life in which so much poverty and misery abounded. closely related to hinduism
was to become one of the major world religions, rose during the roman empire but did not come from the roman empire and had regular ceremonies.
came from Vedic religion, no central founder, started in india and encouraged political and economical goals. polytheistic.
qin dynasty
legalism, silk road, Confucianism,
han dynasty
taken over by the huns and was turned into the song dynasty.
mauryan empire.
conquered by ashoka.
gupta empire
The Gupta Empire was an ancient Indian empire, founded by Sri Gupta, which existed at its zenith from approximately 320 to 550 CE and covered much of the Indian subcontinent. The peace and prosperity created under the leadership of the Guptas enabled the pursuit of scientific and artistic endeavours.
the ruins of an ancient Mesoamerican city in central Mexico, near Mexico City, that flourished a.d. c200-c750 and is the site of the pyramids of the Sun and Moon and of many temples, palaces, and dwellings.
mayan city-states
. Classic Maya civilization grew to some 40 cities, including Tikal, Uaxactún, Copán, Bonampak, Dos Pilas, Calakmul, Palenque and Río Bec; each city held a population of between 5,000 and 50,000 people.
imperial cities
were important because they were everywhere, Athens-Greece,
trans-Saharan caravan routes
Trans Saharan requires travel across the Sahara (north and south) to reach sub-Saharan Africa from the North African coast, Europe, to the Levant. While existing from prehistoric times, the peak of trade extended from the 8th century until the early 17th century.
indian ocean sea lanes
The Silk Road was mostly across the Indian Ocean sea-lanes during the Roman Empire. The lanes throughout the Indian Ocean connected East Africa, southern Arabia, the Persian Gulf, India, Southeast Asia, and southern China. ... The Chinese particularly traded pottery for Indian spices and ivory from India and Africa.
Mediterranean sea lanes
Lanes throughout the Indian Ocean connecting Africa, Middle East, India, and Asia. ... Definition: Trade routes connected the Mediterranean civilizations together. Cause: The need for a resources in other countries by sea travel.
monsoon winds
the seasonal wind of the Indian Ocean and southern Asia, blowing from the southwest in summer and from the northeast in winter. 2. (in India and nearby lands) the season during which the southwest monsoon blows, commonly marked by heavy rains; rainy season
the qanat system
Qanat is an ancient system of underground tunnels that supply mountain water to dry lower places in the Middle East. An example of qanat is a tunnel and well system that supplies water to the city Gonabad in Iran. YourDictionary definition and usage example
silk road
The Silk Road or Silk Route was an ancient network of trade routes that for centuries were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent connecting the East and West from China to the Mediterranean Sea.
ancient rome
the lands and peoples subject to the authority of ancient Rome. 2. the form of government established in ancient Rome in 27 b.c., comprising the Principate or Early Empire
ancient greece
The term Ancient, or Archaic, Greece refers to the time three centuries before the classical age, between 800 B.C. and 500 B.C.—a relatively sophisticated period in world history. Archaic Greece saw advances in art, poetry and technology, but most of all it was the age in which the polis, or city-state, was invented
Persian empire
Persian Empire definition. An empire in western Asia in ancient times. The Persians, under the kings Darius and Xerxes, attempted to conquer Greece several times in the fifth century b.c. but were defeated in the Battle of Marathon and in several other land and sea battles.
The Greeks developed the classical orders of architecture, which are most easily distinguished by the form of the column and its various elements. Their Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian orders were expanded by the Romans to include the Tuscan and Composite orders
the imperial city of greece
the monotheistic religion of the Jews
a system of philosophical and ethical teachings founded by Confucius and developed by Mencius
a Chinese philosophy based on the writings of Lao-tzu ( fl. 6th century BC), advocating humility and religious piety
great wall of china
a system of fortified walls with a roadway along the top, constructed as a defense for China against the nomads of the regions that are now Mongolia and Manchuria: completed in the 3rd century b.c., but later repeatedly modified and rebuilt. 2000 miles built to keep the huns out.
an ancient Indic language of India, in which the Hindu scriptures and classical Indian epic poems are written and from which many northern Indian languages are derived.
Greco-Roman philosophy
Greco-Roman Religion and Philosophy. ... The ancient Greek and Roman worlds made important contributions to both religion and philosophy, the study of the nature of truth, knowledge, and moral values. In fact the word philosophy is of Greek origin, combining the words philia or "to love" with sophia or "wisdom."
Hebrew scriptures
The Torah, the Prophets, and the Writings, forming the covenant between God and the Jewish people that is the foundation and Bible of Judaism while constituting for Christians the Old Testament. Also called Hebrew Bible, Tanakh.
Assyria was a major Mesopotamian East Semitic-speaking kingdom and empire of the ancient Near East. It existed as an independent state from perhaps as early as the 25th century BC, until its collapse between 612 BC and 599 BC, spanning the Early to Middle Bronze Age through to the late Iron Age.
jewish diasporic communities
dispersion of Israelites, Judahites, and later Jews out of their ancestral homeland (the Land of Israel) and the communities built by them across the world.
caste system
class structure that is determined by birth. Loosely, it means that in some societies, if your parents are poor, you're going to be poor, too. Same goes for being rich, if you're a glass-half-full person.
founder of Buddhism. 2. any of a series of teachers in Buddhism, bringing enlightenment and wisdom. 3. (sometimes l.c.) a Buddhist who has attained full prajna, or Enlightenment; Arhat.
Emperor Ashoka the Great (sometimes spelt Aśoka) lived from 304 to 232 BCE and was the third ruler of the Indian Mauryan Empire, the largest ever in the Indian subcontinent and one of the world's largest empires at its time.
A Confucian is a person who believes in the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. The adjective Confucian describes an idea that's similar to those teachings. Respecting your elders is a Confucian ideal. Confucius was a teacher and philosopher who lived from 550 to 479 BC.
Jesus of Nazareth
Jesus of Nazareth is the central figure of the Christian religion, a savior believed to be both God incarnate and a human being. He is also known as Jesus Christ, the term "Christ" meaning anointed or chosen one
the national character or culture of Greece, especially ancient Greece.
the study or imitation of ancient Greek culture