Chapter 30 Cold War
Terms in this set (43)
a policy in the Soviet Union of greater openness, initiated by Gorbachev
the view that a communist victory in South Vietnam would cause noncommunist governments across Southeast Asia to fall to communism like a row of dominoes
restructuring of government and the economy in the Soviet Union
the policy of trying to keep communism within its existing boundaries and preventing further expansion
the forced pooling of peasant land and labor in an attempt to increase productivity, tactic used by Mao Zedong
an independent labor union in Poland, backed by Lech Walesa
The Great Leap Forward
People were organized into communes and urged to increase industrial and agricultural productivity. Caused 55 million deaths from starvation
Guerrilla group in Cambodia, overthrew government in 1975
the relaxation of Cold War tensions
Muslim religious warriors in Afghanistan (Taliban), supported by America to defeat the USSR
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
a gifted preacher who emerged as a leader of the civil rights movement in the 1950s,
Provided aid to European countries post WWII from America
the movement of people from the city to communities in the suburbs, Government programs made buying ahouse easier, boosted anew form of American culture
GDP (Gross Domestic Product)
the total value of all goods and services produced in a nation in a particular year
Communist leader of China, led guerrilla forces to overthrow the governemnt
Nationalist leader of China who fled to Taiwan when Zedong gained control of China
unexpected 1968 guerrilla attack on American and South Vietnamese forces in cities all across South Vietnam on the
Vietnamese New Year, Turning point of public opinion in the Vietnam war for Americans, led to the withdraw of American troops
Ho Chi Minh
a communist leader in Vietnam who fought the Japanese, fought the French, and battled U.S.-supported South Vietnam for control of the country, eventually conquered S Vietnam two years after their armistice
Leader of USSR who imposed reforms (glasnost and perestroika) that lead to instability and the eventual dissolution of the USSR
Mao Zedong v. Jiang Jieshi
Communist leader of China
Nationalist leader of China
East Germany v. West Germany
Communist, under control of USSR, stagnant economy
Noncommunist (democratic?), supported by US, technological innovations and economic growth
NATO v. Warsaw Pact
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (US and democracies)
USSR and its sattelites
Soviet Union v. United States
communist, censored, stagnant economy, lacking in consumer goods innovation, economy strained by military budget
democratic, only superpower post Cold War, economic boom due to new consumer markets
both put a lot of focus on their military budgets during the arms race, space race, involved in foreign wars (Afghanistan, Vietnam)
Capitalist economy v. Communist economy (market v. command)
communist economy proved beneficial initially, but then plateaued and eventually declined (ex. USSR and N Korea)
market economy proved beneficial in rebuilding the economies of European countries (ex. Germany and Poland), the US and Japan also experienced economic growth
North Korea v. South Korea
Communist, isolated, declining economy
Kim Il Sung v. Syngman Rhee
North Korean dictator and ally of the Soviet Union, supported by China
noncommunist dictatorial leader of South Korea who was backed by the United States
Explain how Berlin, Germany was the perfect symbol for the Cold War tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union.
It had the communists on one side, and the other side was democracy, there was even a wall built between the two sides. The existence of one proved to contradict the ideology of the other, proving that they could not coexist
How did Vietnam and Korea evolve following the Cold War? Give specific examples. How were they alike and different?
Vietnam took steps to evolve after the Cold War, and took measures to restore diplomatic relations
Korea is still divided, N Korea remains isolated and has not made any reforms away from communism, and their economy suffers as well as their industry, S Korea experienced a rise in standards of living and an economic boom
How did the world react to the United States' power following the Cold War?
Countries look towards the US, to see their stance on global matters, because the US is the only remaining superpower
How were other Communist countries affected by the fall of the Soviet Union?
The decline of the USSR also caused a decline in communism globally, many countries under the USSR became democracies, and China took steps towards economic reform
How did Eastern Europeans react to the crumbling of the Soviet Union?
E European countries declared their independence and set up their own governments, Poland and Hungary set up a democracy, Germany was reunited, Czechoslovakia split into two countries
How did the arms race contribute to the downfall of the Soviet Union?
The large military budget strained the USSR's economy
Explain how Vietnam was part of the Cold War. Why did the United States enter the Vietnam War to begin with?
Vietnam was divided between communism (N) and and noncommunism (S), the two leaders of the cold war used Vietnam as an indirect battle between the USSR and US. The US entered Vietnam to stop the spread of communism (the domino theory)
What did welfare state economies bring to European countries?
a country with a market economy but with increased government responsibility for the social and economic needs of its people, introduced democratic ideas
How was Japan able to be so economically successful between 1950 and 1970?
American aid, created a democracy, trade surplus from quickly building factories and increasing gross domestic output, didn't spend much money on military
Explain how a rise in oil prices ended economic prosperity in industrialized democracies.
It caused recessions (especially in America), production decreased while prices raised
What did the United States and the Soviet Union agree to during the last two decades of the Cold War?
detente, arms control
Explain why Czechoslovakia broke up into two separate countries after the fall of the Soviet Union.
they had conflicting ideologies, and the cost to keep the large country running politically and economically was too high
Describe the Soviet Union's conflict in Afghanistan.
They entered to aid communist rulers, but suffered set-backs due to American aid to the mujahidin
Describe Japan's government post WW2.
It prospered due to a high GDP, and American aid
Explain United States relations with China in the 1970s.
set up formal diplomatic relations with the communist nation in 1979, because they saw value in cooperating with China and it also helped prevent China from forming a closer relationship with the USSR
Explain the purpose of the SALT talks and the START treaty.
Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) were two rounds of bilateral conferences and corresponding international treaties involving the United States and the Soviet Union—the Cold War superpowers—on the issue of armament control, (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was a bilateral treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) on the reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms
Explain the "red scare" in America, and paranoia over nuclear warfare.
Americans feared that communists would take over and rule America, they also feared that the USSR would become more advanced than them (placing missiles into space), that could threaten the US, fall out shelters and duck and cover drills became popular