14 terms

WHAP: The Basic Beliefs of Hinduism

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Terms in this set (...)

Hinduism's origin
-no set founder
-collection of traditions that built over time
-believed to be truly Indian (not Aryan)
Mahabharata
sacred texts of Hinduism that tell of the cultural blending of Ganges river valley (post Aryan invasion)
Vedas
4 early sets of oral tradition from Brahmin priests
Upanishads
dialogues written by teachers that explore Hindu beliefs
Polytheism
-worship of many gods
-Hinduism had 1000s of gods
Brahma
the god of creation
Vishnu
the god of preservation
Shiva
the god of destruction
Cyclical history
Hinduism believed that life is cyclical like nature
Samsara
the belief that an individual soul is repetitively reborn until it reaches moksha
Moksha
a spiritual release from the elves of life upon achieving a level of purity and perfect understanding after many lives
Caste System/Varna
rigid social class system that separated into 5 main groups
Dharma
duties that must be accomplished in this lifetime as determined by varna or jatis
Karma
the sum total of all a soul's live's deeds, both good and bad
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