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15 terms

US Government American Political Heritage

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Limited goverment
government is restricted in what it may do and each individual has certain rights that government cannot take away
Representative goverment
a political system in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them
Magna Carta
This document, signed by King John of England in 1215, is the cornerstone of English justice and law. It declared that the king and government were bound by the same laws as other citizens of England. It contained the antecedents of the ideas of due process and the right to a fair and speedy trial that are included in the protection offered by the U.S. Bill of Rights
Petition of Rights
Limited the power of Charles I of England. a) could not declare martial law; b) could not collect taxes; c) could not imprison people without cause; d) soldiers could not be housed without consent.
English Bill of Rights
King William and Queen Mary accepted this document in 1689. It guaranteed certain rights to English citizens and declared that elections for Parliament would happen frequently. By accepting this document, they supported a limited monarchy, a system in which they shared their power with Parliament and the people.
Bicameral
composed of two legislative bodies
Confederation
a political system in which a weak central government has limited authority, and the states have ultimate power.
Charter
legal document giving certain rights to a person or company
Delegates
A person who is chosen or elected to represent a person or group
Repealed
to reverse or cancel an existing law or regulation
the Enlightenment
A philosophical movement which started in Europe in the 1700's and spread to the colonies. It emphasized reason and the scientific method. Writers of the enlightenment tended to focus on government, ethics, and science, rather than on imagination, emotions, or religion. Many members of the Enlightenment rejected traditional religious beliefs in favor of Deism, which holds that the world is run by natural laws without the direct intervention of God.
Mayflower Compact
This document was drafted in 1620 prior to settlement by the Pilgrims at Plymouth Bay in Massachusetts. It declared that the 41 males who signed it agreed to accept majority rule and participate in a government in the best interest of all members of the colony. This agreement set the precedent for later documents outlining commonwealth rule.
Athenian Democracy
A type of government used in Athens which is sort of a combine of majority rule and democracy.
The American Revolution
Conflict in America between central rule and local self-government revolving around "no taxation with representation"
Declaration of Independence
the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the colonies from Great Britain