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Important People, Places, and Events (WWI, Jazz Age, Great Depression)
Terms in this set (35)
..., 28th president of the United States, known for World War I leadership, created Federal Reserve, Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, progressive income tax, lower tariffs, women's suffrage (reluctantly), Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations (but failed to win U.S. ratification), won Nobel Peace Prize
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria Hungary assassinated by a Serbian in 1914. His murder was one of the causes of WW I.
In World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies.
Composed of France, Britain, and Russia, and later Japan and Italy, the Allies fought the Central Powers in World War I. The United States joined the Allies in 1917, and after major economic and military blows, World War I ended with the Treaty of Versailles.
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
A telegram Germany Sent to Mexico to convince Mexico to attack the U.S.
World War I
(1914 - 1918) European war in which an alliance including Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the United States defeated the alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, and Bulgaria.
This amendment gave women suffrage in 1920. Women were guaranteed the right to vote after a century of conflicts.
11am, November 11, 1918 (11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month of 1918)
Treaty of Versailles
(WWI) 1918, , Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1)stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to pay war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manufacture any weapons.
League of Nations
A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never joined the League. Essentially powerless, it was officially dissolved in 1946.
1863-1947. American businessman, founder of Ford Motor Company, father of modern assembly lines, and inventor credited with 161 patents.
The 30th president, a republican, that encouraged strong economic growth in the US. Famously said, "The chief business of the American people is business."
The 31st president, a republican, that believed that the government should not do too many things to change the economy. He was the president when the Great Depression began.
Celebration of African American culture through music, poetry, and writing. Key people - Langston Hughes, Claude Monet, Zora Neale Hurston
Name for the 1920s, because of the popularity of jazz-a new type of American music that combined African rhythms, blues, and ragtime
Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.
One of the greatest baseball players of all time; helped make baseball the "national pastime"; the first national sports celebrity
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)
A cheap and simple car designed by Ford. It allowed for more Americans to own a car.
Movies with sound, beginning in 1927.
(1929-1939) The dramatic decline in the world's economy due to the United State's stock market crash of 1929, the overproduction of goods from World War I, and decline in the need for raw materials from non industrialized nations. Results in millions of people losing their jobs as banks and businesses closed around the world. Many people were reduced to homelessness, and had to rely on government sponsored soup kitchens to eat. World trade also declined as many countries imposed protective tariffs in an attempt to restore their economies.
October 29, 1929; date of the worst stock-market crash in American history and beginning of the Great Depression.
A nickname for the Great Plains regions hit by drought and dust storms in the early 1930s
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
the 32nd president of the United States. He was president from 1933 until his death in 1945 during both the Great Depression and World War II. He is the only president to have been elected 4 times, a feat no longer permissible due to the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution.
The New Deal
President Franklin Roosevelt's program to alleviate the problems of the Great Depression, focusing on relief for the needy, economic recovery, and financial reform
FDR's Wife and New Deal supporter. Was a great supporter of civil rights and opposed the Jim Crow laws. She also worked for better conditions for working women
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
a public work relief program for unemployed men so they have jobs. the men worked on jobs related to conservation and development of natural resources
These were places where poor U.S. citizens could go and get free meals.
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
A New Deal agency created to generate electric power and control floods in a seven-U.S.-state region around the Tennessee River Valley . It created many dams that provided electricity as well as jobs.
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
New Deal program that employed men & women to build hospitals, schools, parks, & airports; employed artists, writers, & musicians as well.
Social Security Act of 1935
guaranteed benefits for retirees, the disabled, & the unemployed; money was collected from a worker's pay on a monthly basis which was paid back to them when they turned 65
Born in Chicago middle class. moved to Harlem in 1923 and began playing at the cotton club. Composer, pianist and band leader. Most influential figures in jazz.
US author who wrote the novel, Gone With the Wind, about the Civil War
United States athlete and Black American whose success in the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin outraged Hitler (1913-1980)
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Colonial America Quiz
Civil War Vocabulary
Battles and Campaigns
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