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English Mid term exam review
Terms in this set (52)
statement, states a fact ends in "."
asks a question ends in ?
states with excitement ends in !
a command that tells what to do ends in . or !
specific person, place, thing is capitalized ex. Kehoe
formed from a proper noun, use to describe a proper noun must have noun after ex. French bread
Commas in a series
(3 or more) put comma after each item except the last
ex. Bring your book, pencil and paper.
Commas in a compound sentence
two sentences together use comma and conjunction to link together ex. I went to the movies, and I ate popcorn.
Commas after an introductory word
after adverbs or introjections or direct address
ex. First, we went to the store
Commas used with an interrupter
comma at the beginning middle or end (appositive)
ex. Scott, on the other hand, took terrible notes.
Punctuation in Dates, Letters, and Addresses
Dates: comma- September 14, 2016 no comma- July 2017
Letter: greetings-friendly- Dear Joe, Business- Dear sir or madam:
Address:comma between city and state
Punctuating Direct Quotations
speakers exact words
ex. "I had steak for dinner," remarked the girl.
telling what another person said but not in exact words
ex. Mrs. Tessmer said we had homework today
capitalized important words first and last too
book, music albums, movies, newspaper etc. titles are underlined
Titles in quotes
short stories, poems, chapter, songs etc. are in quotes
used in business letter greeting, defining words, Bible verses, listing, and time
used to join two sentences
ex. I like to read; I also like to write.
used to shorten a word usually w/ a capital and period in it
Apostrophes for possessive nouns
makes a nouns show ownership usually add 's
Plural possessive ending in s
just add '
plural possessive not ending in s
two word put together joined by ' ex. don't
- separate words into syllables, compound numbers, compound word ex. re-born
separate a thought in a sentence
add info that is not important to sent.
Four kinds of sentences
types of sentences in English
subject: who sent is about
complete: tells who or what sent is about
simple: one word unless proper
Compound: sent. that contains two or more subjects
Predicate: tells what subject does, feels, is, has
complete: same as predicate
simple: verb or verb phrase
compound: sent that contains two or more Predicates
Finding the subject
Find the verb first then ask who or what before the verb
Interrogative sentences (finding subject)
reword sent. ex Can you help me?
You can help me.
Inverted order sentences
a sentence which has either all or part of the predicate comes before the subject
ex. Mom, are you making dinner soon.
Declaritive sent begining with here/there (finding subject)
change word order
ex. There is my pencil. - My pencil is there.
two sent joined by conjunction and comma or ;
used to join two or more sent, words together
AND, BUT, and OR join ideas that are similar; remember to place a comma before you write sentences; example: Craig gets in trouble, BUT he usually gets out of it.
Both....and, neither...nor, either....or, whether....or
stronger connection between two words a pair
two or more sentences put together without punctuation
can be fixed by making 2 sent, compound sent, compound subject/predicate, or make it complex
part of a sent missing subj, verb, or complete thought ex after the race
Can stand alone or can appear with a sentence ex Wow! That was awsome!
Kinds of nouns
person, place or thing or idea
something that can be seen, felt, smelled, tasted, heard ex eraser
names an idea or quality ex happiness
any nonspesific noun person place thing or ideasuch as city
indentifies a specific person can be two words capitalized
ex United States
refers to a group of animals people things noot plural be careful if it ends in s ex flock of sheep
two nound joined together single word ex Butterfly Two seperate words ex. Hong kong Hyphenated ex All-star
shows there is more than one most add s or es
shows ownership most add 's
Conmpound nouns possesive
add 's or ' at the end of compound noun
ex father-in-law's trucks
Phrases, usually separated by commas, that describe a noun or pronoun that precede them
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