41 terms

Biology Chapter 19 Cellular Resp

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Glycolysis makes
2 Atp, 2 NADH, 2 Pyruvate
Krebs Cycle makes
2 ATP.
Acetyl-CoA= CO2,ATP, NADH, FADH2
Electron Transport makes
32 ATP, releases water and carbon dioxide as waste
Chemical formula for Cellular Respiration
6O2+C6H12O6=6H2O+6CO2+Energy
Calorie is known as
Kilocalorie
Glycolysis takes place in
The cytoplasm
Krebs Cycle takes place in
The matrix
Electron transport takes place in
Inner membrane of the mitochondria
Which compound stores the most energy
Fats
Aerobic
With ocygen ( Krebs and Electron)
Anaerobic
Without oxygen (Glycolysis)
Two types of fermentation
Alcoholic and lactic acid
In the Krebs Cycle, citric acid is broken into Co2, ATP, NADH, and FADH2
True
Metabolic pathway of cellular respiration
Catabolic
Waste product of Cellular Respiration
Water
During fermentation Pyruvate becomes
NAD+
Lactic acid is used in the industry to make
Yogurt, sour cream, etc.
1 glucose molecule yeilds roughly
38 ATP
1 glucose molecules releases how many calories in heat energy
3811
macro means
large or elongated
Cellular respiration releases energy from food in the presence of
oxygen
If Cellular Respiration occurred in one step, all energy would be released as once in the form of...
light and heat
At the end of glycolysis, about how much of the energy created is still unused?
90%
Most of the energy-releasing pathways in our cells require oxygen, which is why we need to breath to
respire
Krebs and ETC are _________ processes
aerobic
Mystery Clue:
Whale fin
The energy in Cellular Respiration and Photosynthesis flow in ________ directions
opposite
Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration are opposites globally because...
Photosynthesis removes CO2 from the atmosphere, and Cellular Respiration puts it back. In the same way, Cellular respiration removes oxygen and photosynthesis replenishes it
Cellular Respiration occurs in...
nearly all life
ATP is invested during Glycolysis because...
two ATP begin the process, and later, 4 ATP are created creating a net gain of two.
NAD+ stands for...
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
Two benefits of Glycolysis are that...
It provides quick energy and does not require oxygen
Synthesize means to...
Bring together as a whole
During Krebs, pyruvic acid is broken down into...
Co2
Krebs is also known as the...
Citric Acid Cycle
Acetyl-CoA is made of...
2C, 1O, 3H
6 Carbon Molecules form...
citric acid
Alcoholic Fermentation Formula
Pyruvic Acid + NADH = Ethyl Alcohol + CO2 + NAD+
Lactic Acid Fermentation Formula
Pyruvic Acid + NADH + Lactic Acid + NAD+
Lactic acid in muscles leaves the body through __________ requiring pathways
oxygen
For exercise longer than 90 Seconds long, _________________ ____________ is the only way to make ATP
Cellular Respiration