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Southern Colonies chapter 7

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George Calvert
aka Lord Baltimore, member of the Virginia Company, asked King Charles I for a charter for a new colony along Chesapeake Bay, north of Virginia
Cecilius Calvert
George Calvert's son, aka Lord Baltimore & owner of new colony, Maryland
constitution
a written plan of government
1712
Carolina colony splits into 2 new colonies, North & South Carolina
James Oglethorpe
wealthy English leader who came up with idea to send imprisoned English debtors to settle area south of South Carolina to defend land from French & Spanish. He & partners got charter for land &named colony Georgia after the King George II
backcountry
frontier land between Coastal Plain & Appalachian Mountains
debtor
people who owed money
1632
Lord Baltimore founds Maryland colony
1733
James Oglethorpe founds Georgia colony, last of 13 colonies
reason Maryland founded
refuge for Catholics & to make $
Virginia
royal colony controlled by King
Carolina colony difficult to govern
charter divided among 8 English leaders or the Lords Proprietors, area was huge & colonists ignored laws they didn't like. North was hilly, South was flat, swampy
Southern colonies
Virginia, MAryland, North Carolina, South Carolina & Georgia
indentured servents
many settled in Maryland
Enslaved Africans
arrived with West Indies settlers in South Carolina
Conflicts with American Indians
Europeans displaced American Indian tribes that lived in the area that became the Southern Colonies
institutionalize
a part of life
planter
plantation owners
overseer
people hired by plantation owners to watch over field slaves as they worked
Anthony Johnson
former slave who bought land in Virginia in 1640's
Spanish Florida
Place where runaway slaves found help from Seminole Indians
Fort Mose
1n 1738, Spanish governor set up this town for free Africans
1619
first Africans arrive in Virginia
1750
about 200,000 slaves live in Southern Colonies
1729
Baltimore, Maryland founded
1740's
Charles Town, South Carolina exports 30 million lbs of rice/year
indigo
important cash crop of South Carolina, plant was used to make blue dye
interdependence
depending on others for goods or services
broker
pesron who is paid to buy & sell for someone else
Eliza Lucas Pinckney
developed indigo plant in South Carolina after 3 years of experiments, became important cash crop
Baltimore, Maryland
busy port exporting grain & tobaccomajor center for shipbuilding
Wilmington, North carolina
importing shipping center for forest products
Reaction of enslaved
resisted slavery, attempted to escape, preserved culture by telling stories about Africa & singing African songs
Reason for few schools
far distances between plantations
tobacco
cash crop of Maryland, Virginia & North Carolina