A genre of literature in which details concerning the end-time are revealed by a heavenly messenger or angel (as seen in Daniel, Esdras, Ezekiel, Isaiah, Joel, Malachi, Revelation). 7 characteristics; A revelation to a designated human by a heavenly messenger in a vision or dream. A detailed explication of the past and present, often in coded language, a description of the end-time along with a chronology indicating when it will occur (near future). A pronounced ualism contrasting good and evil, light and dark, past and future. Pessimism about the present, but optimism for the future based on hopes of divine victory. Incorporation of Mythic tratdions. Imagery that is surreal, even fantastic, rather than realistic.