an important factor in tranforming the nature of American agriculture after the civil war was?
increasing utilization of machinery
in general, american agriculture in the second half of the nineteenth century became?
more dependent on market forces
all of the following contributed to declining agricultural prices except?
poor product quality
an important factor in the white man's defeat of the plains tribes was the?
destruction of the buffalo herds
in the last three decades of the nineteenth century, indians on the great plains?
often fiercely resisted white settlement in the area
the development of agriculture in california during the late nineteenth century was characterized by?
all of the following assisted settlers to farm the great plains except?
between 1865 and 1900, immigrants to the united states who settled on the great plains?
came largely from germany, the britich isles, and canada
in the years following the civil war, weekly and monthly magazines?
soared in number as illiteracy decreased and the publishing industry advanced
the dawes act was designed to?
provide indians with individual land ownership
the federal government's indian policy between 1876 and 1900 was characterized by?
a movement to end indian power and culture
those indians who followed the ghost dance movement believed that?
natural disasters would destroy the whites, but not the indians
the philosophy of the new south advocates stressed?
a policy promoting industrialization of the southern economy
in the period after the civil war, souther industrial progress?
was impeded by southern loyalty to the past
chief leader of the moderate approach to achieving black rights within american society was?
booker t washington
between 1865 and 1900, black workers in the south?
were often excluded from industrial jobs
according to the plessy v. ferguson decision?
the races could be separated but equal accommodations must be provided
during the late nineteenth century, the supreme court?
gradually abandoned support of black rights gauranteed by the constitution
in the late nineteenth century, southern agriculture?
remained dependent on cotton cultivation
in the period from 1865 to 1900, southern factory workers?
often earned wages insufficient to support their families adequately
one of the primary goals of farmer movements during the late nineteenth century was?
regulation of the railroads
the supreme court upheld the principle that state governments could regulate railroad and grain elevator companies with its decision in?
munn v. illinois
an organization which represented an early attempt by farmers to confront their problems during the 1860s and 1870s was the?
in its attempt to regulate railroad rates during the late nineteenth century, the interstate commerce commission?
was often opposed by the federal courts' decisions
in the ocala platform, the national farmers' alliance advocated?
a graduated income tax
the authors characterize the late nineteenth century as "the nadir of black life." nadir means the?
an important factor promoting industrial development in the united states during the last half of the nineteenth century was?
between 1865 and 1900, the basis for economic growth in the united states was found in?
important in facilitating the conversion of american industry to mass production was?
a shift to the use of steam power
during the late nineteenth century, the typical american city?
often attracted rural americans displaced by the mechanization of agriculture
in the last three decades of the nineteenth century, the industrial city in the united states was characterized by?
the poorest people living near the center of the city
the "new immigrants" whose migration to the united states increased after 1880 came mainly from?
southern and eastern europe
the social geography of the industrial city in america during the late nineteenth century indicated that?
people tebded to be separated by class, occupation, and race
one reason that american women enjoyed greater freedom after the civil war than before was because?
they were having fewer babies
success and upward mobility in late nineteenth-century america were generally?
more available to native-born, middle-class whites
the social ethic which prevailed in late nineteenth-century america stressed that?
economic success was available to anyone who worked hard
after the civil war, the american middle class?
enjoyed rising incomes
in the working class neighborhoods of american industrial cities in the the three decades after the civil war?
ethnic groups often gathered in a particular area
the transformation of the american economy during the late nineteenth century resulted in?
increased instability in the economic cycle
an important facotr in the rapid development of industry in the united states during the last half of the nineteenth century was?
the availabity of capital for investment purposes
an important factor influencing industrial work in late nineteenth-century america was?
among working-class americans, native-born protestants?
held a larger share of the skilled jobs
unlike married white women, married black women in late nineteenth-century america?
were more often forced by societal conditions to work outside the house
the primary goals of the typical worker in the united states in the last quarter of the nineteenth century were?
respectable wages and humane conditions
in the era between 1865 and 1900, american workers?
often protested against their working conditions
in its attempt to deal with the pullman strike, the federal government used an injunction, which is a?
some of the entrepreneurs of the late nineteenth century in the united states attempted to dominate their chosen area of the economy through vertical integration. vertical integration involves?
adding operations either before or after the production process
as the result of economic developments in the united states during the late nineteenth century?
the united states became one of the major industrial countries of the world
to the leaders of the AFL, the main concern of a national union should be to?
focus on immediate practical benefits for the workers
in its approach to union organization, the knights of labor officially?
welcomed both skilled and unskilled workers
edward bellamy prophesied in looking backward that?
the future held great hope for all people
an important development in the operation of the united states government that occurred during the late nineteenth century was the?
emergence of a professional bureaucracy
in the last three decades of the ninteenth century, american voters?
were particularly interested in local issures
from 1876 to 1897, political control of the national government in the united states?
reflected a stalemate between the two major parties
among the issues confronting american political leaders in the last three decades of the nineteenth century was?
chester a. arthur, a member of the stalwart faction of the republican party?
became president on Garfield's death
republicans indicated their attitude toward the protection of black rights during the harrison administration by their vote on the?
social reformers in lae nineteenth-century america considered the laissez faire philosophy advocated by social darwinists to be oth wasteful and inhumane. lassez faire means?
an economic life free of government intervention
he period of the late nineteenth century in the united states is often referred to as the gilded age. gilded implies?
a deceptive outward appearance
the election of 1896 represented?
the triumph of industrialism over agrarianism in american politics
a central issue in the election of 1896 was the?
the columbian exposition held in chicago in 1893?
made the inequities in american society more apparent
agricultural and industrial overextension during the late nineteenth century in the united states contributed to?
an important deman of the populists was?
the unlimited coinage of silver
by 1890, blacks found the republican party?
willing to compromise black needs to obtain political support for other issues
during the harrison administration, the republicans?
required the government to purchase silver
in the period after the civil war, the social gospel movement?
tied salvation to social betterment
the decade of the 1890s in the united states was a period of?
contrasts and crises
those who supported the right of women to vote in the last quarter of the nineteenth century?
argued that native-born women could counter the vote of immigran men
in the late nineteenth century, urban bosses?
dispensed patronage jobs in return for votes and contributions
a leader in promoting the settlement house movement was?
a leading advocate of the single-tax concept was?
an american who advocated the concept of social darwinism was?
william graham sumner
the theory of social darwinism promoted the idea that?
the maldistribution of wealth in society was justifiable
the typical social reformer in the united states during the late nineteenth century would most likely be?
political campaigns in late ninteenth-century america often tended to?
appeal primarily to the emotions
the presidents of the united states from 1877 to 1897 can generally be described as?
between 1865 and 1900, national political leaders?
often bolstered the interests of the rich