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an important factor in tranforming the nature of American agriculture after the civil war was?

increasing utilization of machinery

in general, american agriculture in the second half of the nineteenth century became?

more dependent on market forces

all of the following contributed to declining agricultural prices except?

poor product quality

an important factor in the white man's defeat of the plains tribes was the?

destruction of the buffalo herds

in the last three decades of the nineteenth century, indians on the great plains?

often fiercely resisted white settlement in the area

the development of agriculture in california during the late nineteenth century was characterized by?

large-scale farming

all of the following assisted settlers to farm the great plains except?

advanced fertilizers

between 1865 and 1900, immigrants to the united states who settled on the great plains?

came largely from germany, the britich isles, and canada

in the years following the civil war, weekly and monthly magazines?

soared in number as illiteracy decreased and the publishing industry advanced

the dawes act was designed to?

provide indians with individual land ownership

the federal government's indian policy between 1876 and 1900 was characterized by?

a movement to end indian power and culture

those indians who followed the ghost dance movement believed that?

natural disasters would destroy the whites, but not the indians

the philosophy of the new south advocates stressed?

a policy promoting industrialization of the southern economy

in the period after the civil war, souther industrial progress?

was impeded by southern loyalty to the past

chief leader of the moderate approach to achieving black rights within american society was?

booker t washington

between 1865 and 1900, black workers in the south?

were often excluded from industrial jobs

according to the plessy v. ferguson decision?

the races could be separated but equal accommodations must be provided

during the late nineteenth century, the supreme court?

gradually abandoned support of black rights gauranteed by the constitution

in the late nineteenth century, southern agriculture?

remained dependent on cotton cultivation

in the period from 1865 to 1900, southern factory workers?

often earned wages insufficient to support their families adequately

one of the primary goals of farmer movements during the late nineteenth century was?

regulation of the railroads

the supreme court upheld the principle that state governments could regulate railroad and grain elevator companies with its decision in?

munn v. illinois

an organization which represented an early attempt by farmers to confront their problems during the 1860s and 1870s was the?


in its attempt to regulate railroad rates during the late nineteenth century, the interstate commerce commission?

was often opposed by the federal courts' decisions

in the ocala platform, the national farmers' alliance advocated?

a graduated income tax

the authors characterize the late nineteenth century as "the nadir of black life." nadir means the?

lowest point

an important factor promoting industrial development in the united states during the last half of the nineteenth century was?

technological innovations

between 1865 and 1900, the basis for economic growth in the united states was found in?

heavy industry

important in facilitating the conversion of american industry to mass production was?

a shift to the use of steam power

during the late nineteenth century, the typical american city?

often attracted rural americans displaced by the mechanization of agriculture

in the last three decades of the nineteenth century, the industrial city in the united states was characterized by?

the poorest people living near the center of the city

the "new immigrants" whose migration to the united states increased after 1880 came mainly from?

southern and eastern europe

the social geography of the industrial city in america during the late nineteenth century indicated that?

people tebded to be separated by class, occupation, and race

one reason that american women enjoyed greater freedom after the civil war than before was because?

they were having fewer babies

success and upward mobility in late nineteenth-century america were generally?

more available to native-born, middle-class whites

the social ethic which prevailed in late nineteenth-century america stressed that?

economic success was available to anyone who worked hard

after the civil war, the american middle class?

enjoyed rising incomes

in the working class neighborhoods of american industrial cities in the the three decades after the civil war?

ethnic groups often gathered in a particular area

the transformation of the american economy during the late nineteenth century resulted in?

increased instability in the economic cycle

an important facotr in the rapid development of industry in the united states during the last half of the nineteenth century was?

the availabity of capital for investment purposes

an important factor influencing industrial work in late nineteenth-century america was?

ethnic diversity

among working-class americans, native-born protestants?

held a larger share of the skilled jobs

unlike married white women, married black women in late nineteenth-century america?

were more often forced by societal conditions to work outside the house

the primary goals of the typical worker in the united states in the last quarter of the nineteenth century were?

respectable wages and humane conditions

in the era between 1865 and 1900, american workers?

often protested against their working conditions

in its attempt to deal with the pullman strike, the federal government used an injunction, which is a?

court order

some of the entrepreneurs of the late nineteenth century in the united states attempted to dominate their chosen area of the economy through vertical integration. vertical integration involves?

adding operations either before or after the production process

as the result of economic developments in the united states during the late nineteenth century?

the united states became one of the major industrial countries of the world

to the leaders of the AFL, the main concern of a national union should be to?

focus on immediate practical benefits for the workers

in its approach to union organization, the knights of labor officially?

welcomed both skilled and unskilled workers

edward bellamy prophesied in looking backward that?

the future held great hope for all people

an important development in the operation of the united states government that occurred during the late nineteenth century was the?

emergence of a professional bureaucracy

in the last three decades of the ninteenth century, american voters?

were particularly interested in local issures

from 1876 to 1897, political control of the national government in the united states?

reflected a stalemate between the two major parties

among the issues confronting american political leaders in the last three decades of the nineteenth century was?

tariff revision

chester a. arthur, a member of the stalwart faction of the republican party?

became president on Garfield's death

republicans indicated their attitude toward the protection of black rights during the harrison administration by their vote on the?

force bill

social reformers in lae nineteenth-century america considered the laissez faire philosophy advocated by social darwinists to be oth wasteful and inhumane. lassez faire means?

an economic life free of government intervention

he period of the late nineteenth century in the united states is often referred to as the gilded age. gilded implies?

a deceptive outward appearance

the election of 1896 represented?

the triumph of industrialism over agrarianism in american politics

a central issue in the election of 1896 was the?

monetary question

the columbian exposition held in chicago in 1893?

made the inequities in american society more apparent

agricultural and industrial overextension during the late nineteenth century in the united states contributed to?

financial panic

an important deman of the populists was?

the unlimited coinage of silver

by 1890, blacks found the republican party?

willing to compromise black needs to obtain political support for other issues

during the harrison administration, the republicans?

required the government to purchase silver

in the period after the civil war, the social gospel movement?

tied salvation to social betterment

the decade of the 1890s in the united states was a period of?

contrasts and crises

those who supported the right of women to vote in the last quarter of the nineteenth century?

argued that native-born women could counter the vote of immigran men

in the late nineteenth century, urban bosses?

dispensed patronage jobs in return for votes and contributions

a leader in promoting the settlement house movement was?

jane addams

a leading advocate of the single-tax concept was?

henry george

an american who advocated the concept of social darwinism was?

william graham sumner

the theory of social darwinism promoted the idea that?

the maldistribution of wealth in society was justifiable

the typical social reformer in the united states during the late nineteenth century would most likely be?

middle class

political campaigns in late ninteenth-century america often tended to?

appeal primarily to the emotions

the presidents of the united states from 1877 to 1897 can generally be described as?


between 1865 and 1900, national political leaders?

often bolstered the interests of the rich

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