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Mercyb AP Comparative Unit 1 Comparative Method
Terms in this set (43)
THe ability to influence government and politics
cause for behavior is person, stimulus, circumstance
a measure of the extent to which two factors vary together, and thus of how well either factor predicts the other
the territory occupied by a nation
an organization founded and united for a specific purpose
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
a government in power; a form or system of rule or management; a period of rule
a political system that denies the people participation in government
When groups, such as business and/or labor, work closely with the government in policy-making.
a structure in which those in power provide resources and benefits to supporters in exchange for their loyalty
controls America's money supply, by controlling the interest rates of banks, also america's central bank
The trend in recent years where there is a greater acceptance of free markets and capitalism. Increased greatly since the end of the Soviet Union.
A prolonged economic contraction
The federal government efforts to keep the economy stable by increasing or decreasing taxes or government spending
The management of the money supply and interest rates
the fraction of deposits that the federal reserve determines banks must keep on reserve
certificates that represent money the government has borrowed from private citizens
those who argue that government can effectively control the performance of an economy only by controlling the supply of money
Followers of the argument that the gov. can stimulate the economy by increasing gov. spending and lowering taxes
Organizations outside of the state that help people define and advance their own interests.
A government that transcends national borders.
The process in which countries are increasingly linked to each other through culture and trade
political channels through which peoples concerns become political issues on the policy agenda (elections, media, etc)
Political authority conferred by law or by a state or national constitution
(civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisions
A written set of laws that apply to everyone under a government.
a political orientation that favors progress and reform
a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)
a system of goverment run by the people that is designed to protect the individual rights or liberties of its citizens
a procedural democracy, with elections, but without real competition, and lacking some civil rights and liberties
the process of establishing the factors considered necessary for a democracy to succeed
a system in which the central government makes all economic decisions
a system based on private ownership, free trade, and competition
an economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amount of government regulation and promotion
the boundaries between citizens of different religions, ethnic groups, race, and social and economic classes.
A large group of people who are organized to promote or resist some social change
a government that gives all key powers to the national or central government
A system of government in which power is divided between a central authority and a number of individual states
Single Member District
electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected office
Candidate or party with the most votes cast in an election, not necessarily more than half.
Gross Domestic Product- the total market value of all final goods and services produced annually in an economy
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