US History ch 10
Terms in this set (42)
War fought between the US and Spain in Cuba and the Philippines. It lasted less than 3 months and resulted in Cuba's independence as well as the US annexing Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
Treaty of Paris
Signed by the United States and Spain in December 1898, this treaty ended the Spanish-American War. Under its terms, Spain recognized Cuba's independence and assumed the Cuban debt; it also ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States. At the insistence of the U.S. representatives, Spain also ceded the Phillipines. The Senate ratified the treaty on February 6, 1899.
America attained Hawaii by forcing the Hawaiian King to sign a constitution and reduced his power. The Queen Liliuokalani gave up her country because she didn't want to go to war with America. Hawaii became the 50th State
When the land which became this STATE was acquired in 1867, many Americans thought it quite foolish. In fact, the agreement by which it was purchased was known as "Seward's Folly" for the Secretary of State who made the agreement with Russia. Name this, the 49th State.
ceded to the US by Spain as a payment for the cost of the Spanish American War
America helped Cuba gain independence from Spain and then took control
Islands given to the US by Spain in 1898. It was developed then given independence in 1946.
a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
this was a ship that was sent to the Havanna harbor to protect the Americans in the area, then one night the ship mysteriously exploded killing 260 sailors.
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
the adding of a region to the territory of an existing political unit
1899 rebellion in Beijing, China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils". The rebellion was ended by British troops
US navy captain who encouraged the US to look outward for military bases, raw materials, markets
The Hawaiian queen who was forced out of power by a revolution started by American business interests.
nation whose independence is limited by the control of a more powerful country
artist sent to Cuba to create drawing of concentration camps
William Randolph Hearst
A leading newspaperman of his times, he ran The New York Journal and helped create and propagate "yellow (sensationalist) journalism."
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Cuba could not make treaties that might limit independence or permit a foreign power to control any part of its territory, The US reserved the right to intervene in Cuba, Cuba was not to go into debt
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Volunteer regiment of US Cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
Cuban poet and writer in 1895 that interested America in insurgents (people who wanted independence from Spain)
He was the leader of the Philippine insurgents. He helped American defeat Spain in the Philippines, and also took part in resisting American rule.
A Spanish general who was sent to crush the Cuban revolt. By using "brutal" methods, he caused uproar in the United States, who called for immediate action to help the Cubans.
Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt who pioneered the open-door policy and Panama canal
Big Stick Diplomacy
Roosevelt's foreign policy calling for active, aggressive US action to keep international order and peace.
US policy of using the nation's economic power to exert influence over other countries
Woodrow Wilson's policy contingent on the belief that it was America's responsibility and destiny to spread its institutions and values to the far corners of the globe
poem written by Ruben Dario criticizing imperialism and calling Roosevelt a ruthless hunter
The White Man's Burden
Poem by Rudyad. White men beleived it was their job to spread civilized culture to uncivilized civilizations.
Wrote a poem (To Roosevelt) about freedom of Nicaragua
British writer who wrote of "the white man's burden" and justified imperialism
The De Lome Letter
Private letter from Spain that called president McKinley weak which made the US angry
What were the reasons/motivations for Imperialism?
The need for new markets to sell products, a new source of raw materials for manufacturing, competition with other nations to set up territories around the globe compete in trade. In order to accomplish this is was encouraged by Admiral Mahan to set up a strong fleet and military might as well as control islands in the Pacific and build a canal in Central America
How did the US annex Hawaii and Alaska?
The US bought Alaska from Russia. The sale was headed by Senator Seward and was criticized by many calling it "Seward's icebox or folly" but ended up being a great buy full of natural resources. The annexation of Hawaii was led by American sugar growers who did not want to pay tariffs on goods to the US. Queen Liliuokalani was removed as the last monarch and Dole was appointed the provisional president until the US officially annexed Hawaii as a territory in 1898. President Cleveland did not agree with this annexation and not until McKinley was elected president were the islands fully controlled by the US.
What were the factors that lead to the US going to war with Spain?
Yellow journalism, headed by Hearst and Pulitzer, the sinking of the USS Maine and the De Lome letter were the main motivations of the US to declare war on Spain and support the Cuban Revolution.
What were the results of the Spanish-American War?
This splendid little war was short and Spain surrendered. After signing the Treaty of Paris, the US received Puerto Rico, Guam and bought the Philippines for $20 million. Cuban was granted independence. During the war the US received aide from the Philippines, headed by rebel leader Emilio Aguinaldo, who thought they would gain their independence. The US decided to keep control of the Philippines and not grant independence because it was a great foothold to trade with China and Japan. The Philippine people rebelled and led to a guerrilla war with the US. The US put down this rebellion and placed rebels in concentration camps, not a highlight in US History
Why did the US build the Panama Canal and what gave them the ability to do it?
This was a key place to build a canal. The US companies would save money on shipping costs as well as cut down travel time from the east to west. Also this allowed the US to have a strong military presence in Central America. The US was able to build the canal by encouraging the Panamanians to break and declare independence from Colombia. After independence the US negotiated with Panama and built and kept control for almost 100 years of the canal.
Why was the annexation of the Philippines important to the US?
The US kept control so they could have a foothold in the Pacific to trade with China and Japan.
Why did Roosevelt win the Nobel Peace prize? What did this show about US status in the world?
Roosevelt received the Nobel Peace Prize due to his negotiation with Russia and Japan to end the Russo-Japanese War. This proved that the US was becoming a world power and leader
Explain the meaning of the poems To Roosevelt and The White Man's Burden
To Roosevelt was written by Ruben Darío expressing his anit-imperialistic views of the US. He praised Latin America and criticizes Roosevelt as a ruthless "hunter"
The White Man's Burden was written by Rudyard Kipling and justified imperialism of Anglo-Saxon countries that must civilize the rest of the world.