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SS Chapter 17 Vocab on Exam

only chapter 17 words on exam- middle east
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irrigation
process of collecting water and distributing it to the crops
polytheism
belief in more that 1 god
theocracy
form of government in which the leader claims to rule on behalf of god
monotheism
belief in 1 god
covenant
agreement
Abraham
a herder that lived in Mesopotamia around 1800 BC
prophet
messenger of god
Moses
prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt, moved water in Red Sea to pass, received 10 commandments
Ten Commandments
gods laws that Moses received
King David
leader who created an all Jewish territory; made the Western Wall
Israel
one of the Jewish homelands Jerusalem is capital
Judah
place where people were called Jews
Jewish diaspora
scattering of the jews
Jesus
gods son that Christians believe rose from the dead
New Testament
stories about Jesus; 2nd part of Bible
Muhammad
a merchant in Makkah(Mecca), trading center
Allah
one god that Muslims worship(Islam)
Quran
Islam's holy book
Hejira
the flight of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 which marked the beginning of the Muslim era
caliph
successor to Muhammad
"All believers are equal"
Islam
Zionists
people who wanted to create a safe homeland for the Jews
Arab- Israeli wars
Suez war, 6 day war(israel won a got west bank, sinai peninsula, east Jerusalem, gaza strip, and Golan heights
al Queda
terrorist group that was used with 9-11
Osama Bin Laden
leader of al Queda and 9-11
Iran/Iraq war
major cause of it was the longstanding rivalry between Arab Iraq and Persian Iran. Involed a border dispute
taliban
government when the 9-11 attacks occurred
Hajj
pilgrimage to Mecca, 1 of 5 pillars of faith
Ramadan
Islamic fasting for a month from sunup to sundown, reach out to poor
Mecca/Makkah
place of worship education, place where Koran is
Sabbath day is Friday to Saturday
Judaism
Sabbath day is Sunday
Christianity
.Sabbath day is Friday
Islam
Easter, Christmas
Christianity Holidays
Hanukkah, Bar/Bat Mitzvah,Yom Kippur
Jewish Holidays
Ramadan
Islam Holiday
5 pillars
pray 5 times a day facing Mecca, fasting, believe in the one god Allah, Give to those in need, fasting, Hajj
Islam dietary laws
no pork, no alcohol
Jewish dietary laws
no pork, kosher no meat and dairy at same time
Yom Kippur
day of Attoment
mosque
Islamic house of worship
calligraphy
act of beautiful writing
bazaar
local marketplace