48 terms

The Language of Medicine 3

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ache
a continuous pain that is not sharp or very strong [= pain]
acquire
to get or gain something [= obtain]
acute
a disease that comes on suddenly, has severe symptoms, and is of short duration [= intense ≠ chronic]
addictive
causing a bodily craving for a substance (such as a drug) which results from prior usage of the substance [= obsessive]
ailment
an illness that is not very serious [= disorder, condition]
allergy
a medical condition (hypersensitivity ) that causes someone to become sick after eating, touching, or breathing something that is harmless to most people[= irritation or sensitivity]
anemia
insufficiency of red blood cells [= lack]
antibody
a protective protein that is produced in response to foreign material
bearable
difficult or unpleasant, but you can deal with it [= endurable, tolerable]
benign
of a mild type or character that does not threaten health or life; [= mild ≠malignant]
chronic
an ailment that is likely to persist or recur in the patient over a considerable length of time [≠ acute]
congenital
describes a disease or a condition that exists at or from birth [= innate]
contagious
able to be passed from one person or animal to another by touching [= infectious ≠ noncontagious]
contraindication
a symptom or condition indicating that a certain drug or procedure ordinarily advisable should not be used in this particular situation or by a particular patient
cough
air expelled from the lungs suddenly and noisily. a cough is usually associated with a cold or a lung disease, and it may produce mucus, phlegm, or pus
cure
to restore health through medical treatment [= treat or heal]
degenerative
tending to diminish in quality. A degenerative illness gradually gets worse and cannot be stopped [= deteriorating]
dizzy
feeling unable to stand steadily [= light- headed]
dose
a specified quantity of a drug recommended for a patient [= amount or dosage]
excessive
much more than is reasonable or necessary [= extreme or overmuch]
faint
to suddenly become unconscious for a short time. [= pass out]
fatal
causing death [=deadly or incurable]
fatigue
very great tiredness and exhaustion [= weakness]
fever
an abnormally high body temperature [~ heat]
hemorrhage
excessive bleeding, internally or externally [= bleeding]
immunity
a condition of being able to resist a particular disease especially through preventing development of a pathogenic microorganism. [= resistance = protection]
infection
invasion of the body by disease- producing microorganisms [=disease or epidemic]
irritate
to make a part of your body painful and sore [= annoy or aggravate ]
itch
an uncomfortable feeling on your skin that makes you want to rub it with your nails [= irritation]
malignant
tending or likely to grow and spread in a rapid and uncontrolled way that can cause death [=cancerous or deadly # benign]
narcotic
a drug that depresses the central nervous system [= calming]
nausea
feeling the need to vomit [= queasy ]
obtain
to gain or attain usually by planned action or effort [ = gain ≠ lose]
outcome
something that happens as a result of an activity or process [= finding or result]
overdose
an amount in excess of that quantity [= too much]
pathogen
A microscopic agent such as a type of bacteria or a virus that causes disease [= microorganism]
persistent
lasting for a long time or difficult to get rid of [= constant]
prescription
a written instruction by a physician to permit a pharmacist to dispense medication to a patient [ ~ medicine]
rash
a lot of red spots on someone's skin, caused by an illness [~ hives]
sedative
a drug used to make someone calm or go to sleep [= calming or tranquilizing]
severe
of a great degree or very serious [ ≠ mild]
sooth
to make a pain become less [= calm or pacify or soften]
stimulant
a drug or substance that makes you feel more active and full of energy [= energizing]
symptom
an unusual or abnormal bodily condition such as a rash, cough, fever or pain [= sign or condition ]
syndrome
a combination of symptoms usually found in a particular disease [ = pattern]
terminal
a terminal illness cannot be cured, and causes death [= fatal, or incurable or mortal]
tranquilizer
a drug used for making someone feel less anxious [= calming or sedative]
vaccine
a preparation of living, weakened, or killed microorganisms that is administered to produce or artificially increase immunity to a particular disease [= prevention]