1. Picture Writing 2. Scribble Writing 3. Random Letter 4. Invented Spelling 5. Conventional Writing.
Has one independent clause and no dependent clauses. Ex. I enjoyed taking a walk with you.
Combines multiple independent clauses in the sentences, but it has no dependent clauses. E Ex. Abby looked into the mirror, and she did not like what she saw.
Has one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Ex. After sitting in the airplane for eight hours, Maryanne realized that she desperately needed to stretch her legs.
Combines multiple independent clauses in the sentence, as well as at least one dependent clause. Ex. Franklin D. Roosevelt is often considered one of the country's greatest presidents; because he served during WW2, Roosevelt's leadership was critically important to the future of his nation.
a sentence missing a subject or verb or complete thought Ex. At some point, I'm going to have to find a new job. Because the one I have now is driving me crazy.
Makes a declaration. Every declarative sentence ends in a period. A sentence that makes a statement.
Asks a question and ends in a question mark. Ex. What is for dinner?
Sentence includes an exclamation.
Sentence gives a command. It can end with a period or exclamation mark. Ex. Please enjoy my homemade soup.
Describes the proper way to use a writing system of language, including proper spelling.
Describes the structure of words and their parts, including morphemes.
Is the smallest unit of sound with meaning.
Is a morpheme that is attached to the stem of a word, creating an entirely new word.
Is the beginning part of the word that helps identify its meaning. Ex. Tripod: Tri is the prefix
Is the ending part of the word that helps identify its meaning. Ex. Jobless: Less is the suffix meaning that the subject is without a job.
Main part of a word that gives it the meaning, without any prefixes or suffixes. Ex. Disinterested is interest.
Represents the specific meaning, or meanings, of a word in a written language.
Is a word that has an opposite meaning. Ex. Tall-> Short
Is a word that has the same meaning as another word. Ex. Use-> Utilize
Is a word or group of words that cannot be interpreted literally. Ex. As easy as pie.
Is a word that sounds like another but has a different spelling and meaning. Ex. Accept-> Except.
Language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feeling. Mostly used in literature.
Makes a comparison using like or as: Ex. Your eyes are like shining sapphires.
Is more powerful, it makes the comparison directly Ex. Your eyes are shining sapphires.
Is the attribution of human characteristics to animals or objects. A figure of speech in which the author presents or describes concepts, animals, or inanimate objects by endowing them with human attributes or emotions.
Is the representation of sensory experience through language.
A person, place or object which has a meaning in itself but suggests other meanings as well
More than figurative language, it is the overall manner of writing, including sentence structure of and the level of formality, which is managed through word choice.
TExES ELAR 7-12 (Structure & Development of English Lang. /Grammar) Comp 0371 terms