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History of the English Language
Terms in this set (27)
400 - 1150 AD
1150 - 1450 AD
1450 - 1700 AD
Early Modern English
1700 - Now AD
Late Modern English
Paul Greenberg, 2011
"War is the health of euphemism."
Two or more languages or varieties interact.
The study of language in written historical sources.
New discipline, so words were formed out of necessity.
Latin and Greek influecnes.
Borrowings - e.g. 'halogen'
Eponyms - wnated to recognise the work people had put in - e.g. 'petri dish'
Borrowings, mostly from classical languages - e.g. 'streptococus'
New hobbies - e.g. 'badminton'
Borrowings - e.g. 'taboggan'
Eponyms - e.g. 'pasteurize'
Borrowings - e.g. 'salami'
New materials - e.g. 'crinoline'
Eponyms - e.g. 'mackintosh'
Borrowings (mostly from France) - e.g. 'lingerie'
Used until the 18th century.
Used initially or medially.
Didn't have a phonological function and because of printing practcies, it was deemed unecessary.
Used to be used at the start of the sentence, to mark proper nouns and to mark any nouns the writer deemed important.
"corrupt our idiom by mixing it too much with French."
"if it [English] were once refine dto a certain standard, perhaps there might be a way to fix it forever."
Editor of the first OED
American Dictionary of the English Language
Editor of the first American Dictionary of the English Language
A Dictionary of the English Language
Writer of A Dictionary of the English Language
18th Century Debate
Brought public attention to mutability
Believed dictioanires would provide correctness
Led to an intolerance of those who couldn't spell correctly.
17th Century Debate
Concern over a lack of consistency
Drive towards standardistation
Writer of Elementaire
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