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40 terms

AP WORLD HISTORY: Chapter 18-States and Societies of Sub-Saharan Africa

STUDY
PLAY
The great epic of Mali is known as
the story of Sundiata
Griots were
singers and storytellers
The legendary Mali king, Sundiata, built his capital at
Niani
The introduction of a new food crop about 400 C.E. encouraged a fresh migratory surge in Africa. What was the crop?
bananas
By 1000, most pasrts of Africa south of the equator had been settled by people speaking what language?
Bantu
By the middle of the first millennium B.C.E., the Bantu had mastered ________ metallurgy.
iron
Which food, first domesticated in southeast Asia, provided a nutrutious supplement to Bantu diets and allowed the Bantu to expand into forested regions?
bananas
By 1000 C.E., the population of sub-Saharan Africa had risen to around
22 million
In regard to political structure, the early Bantu societies
governed themselves mostly through family and kinship groups
A Bantu district, which consisted of a group of villiages,
was usually not ruled by a chief or by a larger government
A Bantu villiage ruling council was made up of
the male heads of families
Mali became the wealthiest kingdom in sub-Saharan Africa because of its
control of gold trade
The most tightly centralized of the 14th century Bantu kingdoms was
Kongo
One of the central factors in the establishment of trans-Saharan trade was the
domestication of the camel
Gao was an important trading center
in the Sahara desert
The most powerful state in west Africa at the time of the arrival of Islam was
Ghana
The capital of Ghana, a major trading center, was
Koumbi-Saleh
By the 10 century C.E., the kings of Ghana had coverted to
Islam
The legendary founder of the kingdom of Mali was
Sundiata
Mali would reach its peak during the reign of
Mansa Musa
Wha made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324-1325?
Mansa Musa
Swahili is an Arabic term meaning
"coasters"
The Swahili city-states
dominated trade along the east African coast
The most powerful kingdom in central Afica was
Zimbabwe
The term "zimbabwe" originally referred to
teh dwelling of a cheif
Just as the kingdoms of west Africa depended on trans-Saharan trade, the kingdoms of east Afica depended on
Indian Ocean trade
The capital of Zimbabwe was
Great Zimbabwe
The conversion to Islam by east African merchants and princes did all the following EXCEPT
completely eliminate the animistic religions
By the 11th century, how many different languages were spoken in Africa
800
In the smaller states of sub-Saharan Africa, the chief considerations for determining social position were
kinship, age groups, and sex and gender expetations
In regard to gender issues in sub-Saharan Africa,
women had more opportunities open to them than did their counterparts in other societies
In sub-Saharan Africa, an age grade was
a publicly recognized group that performed tasks based on their strength adn maturity
Since there was no concept of private ownership of land in sub-Saharan Africa,
slave ownership formed an important aspect of determining personal wealth
Historians estimate that between 750 and 1500 C.E., the number of slaves transported north as part of the trans-Saharan slave trade exceeded
10 million
The term Zanj refers to
a Swahili slave
Ali bin Muhammad
led the Zanj revolt
Most sub-Saharan African religions
centered on the practical business of explaining and predicting the experiences of individuals
Axum was
a Christian kingdom in Ethiopia
Ethiopian Christianity
retained both traditional African and Christian beliefs
Christian churches carved from solid rock are an example of the influence of
pre-Christian values