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The great epic of Mali is known as

the story of Sundiata

Griots were

singers and storytellers

The legendary Mali king, Sundiata, built his capital at


The introduction of a new food crop about 400 C.E. encouraged a fresh migratory surge in Africa. What was the crop?


By 1000, most pasrts of Africa south of the equator had been settled by people speaking what language?


By the middle of the first millennium B.C.E., the Bantu had mastered ________ metallurgy.


Which food, first domesticated in southeast Asia, provided a nutrutious supplement to Bantu diets and allowed the Bantu to expand into forested regions?


By 1000 C.E., the population of sub-Saharan Africa had risen to around

22 million

In regard to political structure, the early Bantu societies

governed themselves mostly through family and kinship groups

A Bantu district, which consisted of a group of villiages,

was usually not ruled by a chief or by a larger government

A Bantu villiage ruling council was made up of

the male heads of families

Mali became the wealthiest kingdom in sub-Saharan Africa because of its

control of gold trade

The most tightly centralized of the 14th century Bantu kingdoms was


One of the central factors in the establishment of trans-Saharan trade was the

domestication of the camel

Gao was an important trading center

in the Sahara desert

The most powerful state in west Africa at the time of the arrival of Islam was


The capital of Ghana, a major trading center, was


By the 10 century C.E., the kings of Ghana had coverted to


The legendary founder of the kingdom of Mali was


Mali would reach its peak during the reign of

Mansa Musa

Wha made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324-1325?

Mansa Musa

Swahili is an Arabic term meaning


The Swahili city-states

dominated trade along the east African coast

The most powerful kingdom in central Afica was


The term "zimbabwe" originally referred to

teh dwelling of a cheif

Just as the kingdoms of west Africa depended on trans-Saharan trade, the kingdoms of east Afica depended on

Indian Ocean trade

The capital of Zimbabwe was

Great Zimbabwe

The conversion to Islam by east African merchants and princes did all the following EXCEPT

completely eliminate the animistic religions

By the 11th century, how many different languages were spoken in Africa


In the smaller states of sub-Saharan Africa, the chief considerations for determining social position were

kinship, age groups, and sex and gender expetations

In regard to gender issues in sub-Saharan Africa,

women had more opportunities open to them than did their counterparts in other societies

In sub-Saharan Africa, an age grade was

a publicly recognized group that performed tasks based on their strength adn maturity

Since there was no concept of private ownership of land in sub-Saharan Africa,

slave ownership formed an important aspect of determining personal wealth

Historians estimate that between 750 and 1500 C.E., the number of slaves transported north as part of the trans-Saharan slave trade exceeded

10 million

The term Zanj refers to

a Swahili slave

Ali bin Muhammad

led the Zanj revolt

Most sub-Saharan African religions

centered on the practical business of explaining and predicting the experiences of individuals

Axum was

a Christian kingdom in Ethiopia

Ethiopian Christianity

retained both traditional African and Christian beliefs

Christian churches carved from solid rock are an example of the influence of

pre-Christian values

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