10 terms

GCSE Urban Patterns

STUDY
PLAY
Urbanisation
the "increasing proportion of people living in built environments such as towns and cities".
Low income country (LIC)
A country with a GNI of $1,045 or below based on the World Bank income classifications (GNI per capita).
High income country (HIC) -
A country with a GNI of $12,746 or above based on the World Bank income classifications (GNI per capita).
Newly emerging economies (NEEs)
Countries that have begun to experience high rates of economic development, usually with rapid industrialisation. They differ from LICs in that they no longer rely primarily on agriculture, have made gains in infrastructure and industrial growth, and are experiencing increasing incomes and high levels of investment. E.g. Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa (the so-called BRICS countries).
Africa
Has low percentages of urbanisation but its urbanisation is growing the fastest
Europe
Has high percentages of urbanisation but growth is very slow or in decline
Asia
has the largest number of megacities
Megacity
A city with 10 million or more residents
World Cities
A group of cities that form an interconnected, internationally dominant system of global control of finance and commerce, dominantly in HICs, includes Tokyo, London and New York
Some old colonies
(e.g. in South America) have high percentages of urbanisation as the colonising countries such as France and the UK favoured city growth to help administration