50 terms

Definitions - Level 10

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Cantabile
In a singing style
Chromatic Half Step
A half step using the same letter name (C to C-sharp)
Diatonic Half Step
A half step using two letter names; a minor second
(C to D-flat)
Diminished Triad
A triad built with two minor thirds
First Inversion Triad
A triad with its third as its lowest pitch
Harmonic Minor Scale
A minor scale that raises scale degree 7 a half step
Marcato
Marked, emphasized
Melodic Minor Scale
A minor scale that raises degrees 6 and 7 when ascending to tonic, and uses the natural minor when descending
Root Position Triad
A triad with its root as the lowest pitch
Second Inversion Triad
A triad with its fifth as the lowest pitch
Subito
Suddenly
Transposition
To move music (melodic or chordal) to a different pitch level, keeping the pattern exactly the same
Melody
An organized group of tones, heard one at a time, which is divided into phrases; a tune
Names of Scale Degrees
Tonic (1), Supertonic (2), Mediant (3), Subdominant (4), Dominant (5), Submediant (6), Leading Tone/Subtonic (7)
Parallel Keys
Major and minor keys that have the same tonic (keynote)
Perfect Authentic Cadence
An authentic cadence (V-I) which has the root of both chords in the bass and the tonic in the soprano of the I chord
Phrase
Part of a melody which pauses or ends with a cadence
Prelude
A smaller composition that is usually followed by a larger composition, in the same key
Relative Keys
Major and minor keys that share the same key signature
Semplice
To play simply; without ornament
Soprano
In four-part harmony, the highest voice
Tenor
In four-part harmony, the third highest voice
Whole Tone Scale
A six-tone scale built only of whole steps
Cadenza
An improvised section in a composition that allows the performer artistic creativity
Chromatic Scale
A twelve-none scale built using only half steps
Close Harmony
Four-part harmony with less than an octave between the soprano and tenor
Diatonic Scale
A stepwise scale with seven different tones conforming to a pattern of whole and half steps
Dominant Seventh Chord
A seventh chord built on the dominant (V) written as V7 in root position
Homophonic Music
A melody line supported by a chordal accompaniment
Monophonic Music
A single line of melody
Open Harmony
Four-part harmony with more than an octave between the soprano and tenor
Overture
An orchestral composition used to introduce a large dramatic work
Plagal Cadence
A cadence which progresses from the subdominant triad (IV or iv) to the tonic triad (I or i)
Polyphonic Music
Music in which two or more melodies are heard at the same time
Rondo Form
A composition in which the first theme returns repeatedly: A-B-A-C-A, etc.
Senza
Without
Seventh Chord
A four-tone chord, built by adding another third on top of a triad
Tritone
The interval of an augmented 4th or diminished 5th, so-called because it spans three whole steps
Troppo
Too much
Ad Libitum
Freedom to improvise or vary the tempo
Alto
In four-part harmony, the second highest voice
Aria
A composition for solo voice from an opera or oratorio, and must be accompanied
Augmented Interval
A perfect or major interval that has been increased by a half step
Augmented Triad
A triad built with two major thirds
Bass
In four-part harmony, the lowest voice
Diminished Interval
A perfect or minor interval that has been decreased by a half step
Half Cadence
Any cadence which ends on the dominant (V) triad
Harmonic Interval
Two tones played or sung at the same time
Imperfect Authentic Cadence
Any authentic cadence (V-I) which does not have the root in the bass on both chords and the soprano voice of the I chord is not tonic
Melodic Interval
The distance between two tones played or sung in succession