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Which nation violated the Kellogg-Briand Pact in 1931?


War debts owed by Germany to the Allies were called


Naval disarmament was an idea favored by Charles Evans Hughes


________ was not a participant at the Washington Conference of 1921.

The Soviet Union

Adolf Hitler called for

the restoration of Germany's pride.

After WWI, by what type of institution were international disputes suppose to be settled?

an international pact

Charles Evans Hughes was

the organizer of the Washington Conference.

Reparations were

damage payments allocated to Germany to pay after the war.

When Japan proceeded to invade Manchuria,

disarmament policies were proven both unsuccessful and unrealistic.

The post-WW I foreign policy of the United States was focused on expansionism.


____ was the title of Hitler's autobiography.

Mein Kampf

In the 1930s, Britain and France tried to prevent war by following a policy of ____, giving in to some of Germany's demands.


Fascist Party leader who became dictator of Italy

Benito Mussolini

Fascist gang in Italy


Joseph Stalin dominated the Soviet Union using the tactics of

terror and purges.

Nazism was an extreme form of


Mussolini saw the expansion of Italy as a way to increase

national pride.

The Soviet Unions state controlled economy was planned for in a block of this number of years under Josef Stalin.


Under Stalin the Soviet agricultural economy changed to this form.

collective farms

This policy held by the European victors of WW I allowed Hitler to make small gains during the mid-to-late 1930s.


What was one result of the Manchurian Incident?

It greatly increased power of the Japanese army over the government.

What was Manchukuo?

puppet state after Manchuria

Which was the real motive behind the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere?

Japan wanted the region's natural resources for its war against China.

In September 1940, Japan allied itself with

the Axis Powers.

The rise in military power in Japan was a direct result of

a failing economy and a growing lack of faith in democracy.

Japan's military ran Manchuria as a ___________ state.


Why was the Rape of Nanjing significant?

Over 100,000 people were massacred.
It was a direct act of manipulation and terrorism.
The United States began to pay attention to Japan's growing influence in the Pacific.

Under Japan's Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere policy, they promoted it to other nations by stating what?

It would lead to liberation from European nations.

In Japan the lack of unity in its legislature led to the military assuming control during the early 1930s.


The military in the 1930s in Japan used this theme to erode support for the civilian government and increase support for them.


The Atlantic Charter stated that the United States and Britain would not

pursue territorial expansion.

The line of defenses along the French border with Germany was called the

Maginot Line.

In 1941, $7 billion in military supplies was appropriated to non-Axis countries by

the Lend-Lease Act.

Winston Churchill was not in favor of appeasing Adolf Hitler.


The Pacific Charter was an agreement between the United States and Great Britain that neither country would pursue territorial expansion.


Which of the following led to Germany continuing to spread its military influence throughout Europe?


Which of the nations listed below was excluded at the Munich Conference despite being a significant topic?


When Germany invaded and took a piece of Poland, they didn't fear U.S. or European reactions because

the Munich Conference had gone peacefully and Germany's desires were met.
there had been no reaction when Germany had remilitarized.
Europeans powers continued to embrace a policy of appeasement in an effort to avoid war.

Even though the U.S. was not at war Roosevelt met with Great Britain to sign this secret pact that neither country would seek territorial gains after the war.

Atlantic Charter

For a time, __________ was an admirer of Mussolini and his political philosophy.


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