Differences between poverty and wealth, as well as in peoples' well being and access to things like jobs, housing and education. Inequalities may occur in housing provision, access to services, access to open land, safety and security.
The presence of chemicals, noise, dirt or other substances which have harmful or poisonous effects on an environment.
Measures designed to protect public health, including the provision of clean water and the disposal of sewage and waste.
Occurs when there is too great a volume of traffic for roads to cope with, so traffic jams form and traffic slows to a crawl.
Mumbai faces many challenges
because of its immense size and rapid growth.
has limited Mumbai's growth because it originally grew at the southern end of an island surrounded by the Arabian Sea and 2 rivers.
An area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures.
Asias Largest Slum, in Mumbai, a city within a city, it its one unending stretch of narrow dirty lanes, open sewers and cramped huts
Issues in slums
lack of planned access to clean water and sanitation systems, poor health, lack of education, unemployment and the prospect of crime.
cases a day of diphtheria and typhoid in Mumbai
The people of Dharavi have not planned the settlement and have no legal rights to the land.
harmful aspects of human activity on the environment such as the air and water
of households suffer from poor water quality in the city
Nitrous Oxides and small dust particles called particulate matter
are both hazardous to human health and can cause things like asthma.
heavy traffic making it difficult to move around a town or city, typical of Mumbai