17 terms

Miller and Levine Biology Ch 21

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pseudopod
temporary cytoplasmic projection used by some protists for movement
Greek, false foot
cilium
short hairlike projection that produces movement
Latin, eyelash
flagellum
pl. flagella
structure used by protists for movement, produces movement in a wavelike action
Latin, whip
spore
in prokaryotes, protists and fungi, any of a variety of thick-walled life cycle stages capable of surviving unfavorable conditions
conjugation
process in which paramecia and some prokaryotes exchange genetic information
alternation of generations
life cycle that has two alternating phases -- a haploid (N) phase and a diploid (2N) phase
sporangium
pl. sporangia
spore capsule in which haploid spores are prod
algal bloom
increase in the amount of algae and other producers that results from a large input of a limiting nutrient
food vacuole
small cavity in the cytoplasm of a protist that temporarily stores food
gullet
indentation in one side of a ciliate that allows food to enter the cell
plasmodium
amoeboid feeding stage in the life cycle of a plasmodium slime mold
chitin
complex carbohydrate that makes up the cell walls of fungi; also found in the external skeletons of arthropods
Greek, tunic
hypha
pl. hyphae
one of many long, slender filaments that makes up the body of a fungus
fruiting body
reproductive structure of a fungus that gross from a mycelium
mycellium
pl. mycelia
densely branched network of the hyphae of a fungus
lichen
symbiotic association between a fungus and a photosynthetic organism
mycorrhiza
symbiotic association of plant roots and fungi