Chapter 9: Energy in a Cell
Terms in this set (17)
What is the acronym for adenosine diphosphate, an energy molecule composed of adenosine and two phosphate groups attached.
What is the acronym for Adenosine triphosphate, an energy molecule composed of adenine and three phosphate groups attached.
The process that uses the sun's energy to make simple sugars is called what?
The first phase of photosynthesis in which light energy is converted into chemical energy. The molecules of ATP produced in these reactions are then used to fuel the second phase.
These reaction are the second phase of photosynthesis and produce simple sugars. The fuel for these reactions comes from the ATP produced in the light-independent reactions.
6CO + 6H2O yields C6H12O6+6O2
The general equation for photosynthesis (the number 2 is a subscript in this formula.)
The cell organelle where photosynthesis occurs.
molecules that absorb specific wavelengths of sunlight.
The most common pigment in a photosystem. This absorbs most wave lengths of light except green, which is reflected.
electron transport chain
A series of proteins in the thylakoid membrane that passes energized electrons along to the next protein.
The second phase of photosynthesis that does not require light, which is a series of reactions that use carbon dioxide to form sugars.
in the stroma of the chloroplast
Where does the Calvin cycle take place?
The process by which mitochondria break down food molecules to produce ATP.
glycolysis, the citric acid cycle and the electron transport chain
What are the three stages of cellular respiration?
The first stage of cellular respiration, glycolysis, requires no oxygen. What is the word that means no oxygen is required?
The last two stages of cellular respiration in which oxygen is required to complete. What is the word that means oxygen is required for the process?
What is the name that is also used to refer to the citric acid cycle?
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