Monies that are budgeted on a yearly basis; for example Congess may set yearly limits on what agencies can spend
legislative permission to begin or continue a government program or agency.
Refers to the tendency of agencies to grow without regard to the benefits their programs confer or the costs they entail
Civil Service Reform Act
Created theSenior Executive Service and recognized the need for flexibility in recruiting, assigning and salary
Appointment of officials based on selection criteria devised by the employing agency and OPM
Department of Homeland Security
A proposal by President Bush in 2002 which would consolidate 22 federal agencies and nearly 170,000 federal employees
the ability of officials to make policies that are not spelled out in advace by laws
a relationship formed among government agencies, congressional committees, and client groups who work together
The authority of Congress to block a presidential action after it has taken place. The Supreme Court has held that Congress does not have this power
National Performance Review
A 1993 effort, led by Vice President Al Gore, to make the bureaucracy work better and cost less.
Senior Executive Service
Top ranking civil servants that can be hired, fired, and rewarded in a more flexible manner than can ordinary bureaucrats.