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Terms in this set (21)
literary, political, philosophical movement of the early 19th century
big transcendental idea, not going with the crowd?
Ralph Waldo Emerson
unitarian minister who became a writer and public speaker
criticized contemporary society, active in reforms such as anti-slavery, women's rights and education
in Easter religions (Buddhism and Hinduism) encouraged individuality and expressed faith in the human potential
concept present in writing and ideas: universal mind/spirit; God+man+nature
memorable short phrase that is basically a truth about life
lecture series popularized by Josiah Holbrook that included Emerson, Thoreau, and Frederick Douglass among the speakers. This was an early form of adult/community education
in 'self-reliance' it says there is a time in every man's education when he arrives at the conviction that what?
envy is ignorance; imitation is suicide; that he must take himself for better, for worse as his protion
'self-reliance': what must every person accept?
the place the divine providence has found them; the society of their contemporaries, the connection of events
how does Emerson describe society?
society acts as one and everyone is expected to be like others and they surrender themselves and their culture; it is as a joint-stock company in which the members agree for the better securing of his bread to each shareholder, to surrender the liberty and culture of the eater. it is a conspiracy against the manhood of everyone of its members
what is emerson's comment about consistency?
a foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of little minds, adored by little statesmen and philosophers and divines. with consistency a great soul has simply nothing to do
what does "no kernel of nourishing corn can come to him but through his toil bestowed on that plot of ground which is given to him to till" mean?
when you work for it you realize your full human potential
why should people trust themselves, according to emerson?
faith in the human potential, anyone who had been great had had to trust themselves
how does emerson believe people should be affected by the way others perceive them?
it is not so bad to be misunderstood because many great and wise men were
"to be great is to be misunderstood"
shows courage if they are doing what's right
civil disobedience: according to Thoreau, the best government is.....
the one that governs least. he says the government is best which governs not at all
thoureau belives that instead of the majority deciding what is right and wrong what should?
conscience. majority doesn't reflect minority
thoreau compares soldiers with what?
wood, earth and stones because they can be manufactured to serve the purpose they are called to
dehumanizes them, they aren't thinking, morally conscience people
according to thoreau how could people end slavery?
finding one honest man in massachusetts who did not own slaves and lock him up in the county jail
why did thoreau come to the conclusion that the state was half witted when it imprisoned him?
because it was timid and did not know its foes from its friends
physical consequence wasn't deterant
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