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15 terms

Psych 250 (ch4 Socio-emotional developmnt in infancy

STUDY
PLAY
3 elements of basic emotions (interest, happiness, anger, fear, sadness)
subjective feeling, physiological change, overt behavior (facial expression)
Happiness
binds parent and baby, reflexive smile (not in response to stimuli), social smile (2months, occurs in response to faces0
Fear
(first appears 7-8month) seen in stranger anxiety
self conscious emotions
(btwn 18-24 months) involes injury to/enhancement of self. (ex's= embarrassment, guilt, pride)
social referencing
(1yr) checking back and monitoring a caregiver's expression for cues as to how to behave in a potentially dangerous situation
attachment
enduring socioemotional relationship between infant and caregivers
Preattachment phase
(birth-3months) infant elicits responses; responses lay groundwork
attachment-in-the-making phase
(4-7/8 months) respond differently to different people but doesnt protest when separated from parent; soothed more easily by parent
clear-cut-attachment phase
(7/8months-3yrs) infant has singled out caregiver as special indiv and stable emotional base; now has separation anxiety
working model
(3yrs +) internal representation of the primary caregiver
secure attachment
(60%) easily comforted upon reunion
avoidant attachment
(20%) avoidance at reunion (signals caregiver is unavailable, rejecting, unrepsonsive, angry, resentful)
resistant attachment (anxious/ambivalent)
(10-15%) crying, inconsolable or angry at reunion (signals inconsistent care, unpredictable)
disorganized/disoriented attachment
(5-10%) bizarre behavior (seen in neglcted/abused kids)
synchrony
caregiver and infant responding emotionally to each other in a sensitive and attuned way in secure attachment