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19 terms

Psychological Disorders 36-39

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Psychological Disorder
behavior must be atypical, maladaptive, disturbing, or unjustifiable
medical model
psychological disorders are illnesses that can be diagnosed, treated, and cured thru thearpy
bio-psycho-social perspective
assumes that biological, psychological and sociocultural factors combine and interact to produce psychological disorders
DSM-IV
american psychiatric associations diagnostic and statistical. manual of mental disorders which provides a widely used system of classifying psychological diorders
phobia
anxiety disorder in which a person has a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation
obsessive-compulsive disorder
a person experiences uncontrollable and repetitive thoughts (obsessions) and actions (compulsions)
dissociative disorders
separation of conscious awareness from one's previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
dissociative identity disorder
person exhibits two or more distinct personalities
personality disorders
characterized by inflexible and enduring maladaptive character traits that impair social functioning
antisocial personality disorder
person is aggressive, ruthless, and shows no sign of a conscience that would inhibit wrongdoing
panic disorder
episode of intense dread accompanied by chest pain, dizziness, or choking
generalized anxiety disorder
person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal for no apparent reason
anxiety disorders
involve distressing, persistent anxiety, or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
mood disorders
characterized by emotional extremes
major depressive disorder
mood disorder that occurs when a person exhibits lethargy, feelings of worthlessness, or loss of interest in social life. no more than two week period for no discernible reason. 'common cold'
manic episode
widly optimistic, euphoric, hyperactive state that alternates with depression in the bipolar disorder
bipolar disorder
mood disorder in which a person alternates between depression and the euphoria of manic state
schizophrenia
refers to the group of severe psychotic disorders whose symptoms mainly include disorganized and delusional thinking, inappropriate emotions and actions, and disturbed perceptions
delusions
false beliefs that often are symptoms of psychotic disorders