Name 3 factors that explain Mexico's climate.
1. Pacific subtropical high pressure cell
2. northeast tradewinds
What unique advantages did the Spanish have that allowed them to conquer the Aztecs?
muskets, horses, and diseases
What is NAFTA?
North American Free Trade Agreement that lowered tariffs between Canada, Mexico, and the US.
List the four regions of Mexico.
1. Greater Mexico City
2. Central Mexico
3. Gulf Lowlands and Southern Mexico
4. Northern Mexico
What are the major challenges facing Mexico?
Mexico City has too few jobs so many people live in shacks without electricity and running water. Mexico City also suffers from terrible air pollution. Parts of southern Mexico have inadequate schools and poorly developed telephone communication and transportation.
On what legend did the Aztecs found the town Tenochtitlan?
Their god advised them to build where they saw an eagle eating a snake while perched on a cactus.
What happened to Tenochtitlan when the Spaniards arrived?
The Spaniards destroyed it and built Mexico City on the ruins.
What are some of the cultural and historical features of Mexico City?
Modern skyscrapers tower over Aztec ruins and Spanish colonial buildings. Mexico City's square is where the center of Tenochtitlan one stood. They have old cathedrals and a palace. Chapultepec Park was once used by Aztec emperors.
Describe in detail the environmental problems facing Mexico City.
The motor vehicles and factories release chemicals into the air which result in smog that can burn eyes and throats. People have pumped the wells so heavily that the ground has begun to sink and take the buildings with it.
Why is the land so unstable around Mexico City?
The city lies on a dry lake bed, so the soils underneath are soft and unstable.
What effects have earthquakes had on the city?
An earthquake in 1985 damaged much of Mexico City. This informed people of the environmental issues. Efforts were launched to save the Metropolitan Cathedral and improve the city's air quality.
What are the problems associated with air pollution?
Factories and cars that release chemicals and toxins into the air cause air pollution.
What are the Greater Antilles and Lesser Antilles?
The Greater Antilles include the large islands of Cuba, Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico. They also include the some 700 islands that make up the Bahamas. The Lesser Antilles include more than 20 small island countries and territories. The Greater and Lesser Antilles are the major island groups of the West Indies.
Describe the climate in Central America and the Caribbean.
Tropical wet and dry climates are typical. Temperatures seldom vary more than 10 degrees Fahrenheit between summer and winter. During winter, high pressure generally brings dry weather. A summer rainy season results when low pressure cells begin to move north across the region.
Describe the natural resources of the region.
One of the region's greatest natural resources is the warm and sunny climate, which attracts millions of tourists. Fertile soils and rich fishing grounds are also natural resources found in the region.
What mineral resources are found in this region?
Small gold fields have been discovered throughout Central America. Jamaica has major deposits of bauxite. Cuba and the Dominican Republic produce nickel. Trinidad has oil.
What environmental hazards are in this region?
This region has volcanoes, earthquakes, hurricanes, and mud slides.
a type of tourism that focuses on guided travel though natural areas and on outdoor activities
How did the Caribbean come to be called the West Indies?
Christopher Columbus thought he had reached islands off the coast of Asia that Europeans called the Indies, and the name stuck.
Describe and locate the main languages spoken in the Caribbean.
Spanish is spoken in Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico. English is also an official language in Puerto Rico. French and Creole are official languages of Haiti. Creole is a blend of European, African, or Caribbean Indian languages. In Aruba and the Netherlands Antilles, many people speak Papamiento. This creole language combines elements of Spanish, Dutch, and Portugese.
What is the future of tourism in the region?
Many island leaders see tourism as the great hope for the future economic growth. Tourism takes land that could be used for farming and the jobs are mostly seasonal and have low pay, though. Tourism does bring needed jobs and reduces unemployment.
ocean and weather patterns in which the Southeastern Pacific Ocean is warmer than usual, affecting regional climates
Name and describe the five elevation zones of the Andes are.
*Tierra helada- above 16,000 feet (permanently covered with snow)
*Paramo- 10,000 to 16,000 feet (potatoes, grasslands and hardy shrubs, grazing)
*Tierra fria- 6,000 to 10,000 feet (potatoes, wheat, oats, barley, beans, corn, rye)
*tierra templada- 3,000 to 6,000 feet (coffee, corn, wheat, cotton, potatoes, sugar cane, tobacco)
*tierra cliente- sea level to 3,000 feet (bananas, cacao, rice, sugar cane)
What were the accomplishments of the Inca empire?
*built paved roads and suspension bridges
*terraced fields braced by stone walls
What are the key natural resources in South America?
rich mineral desposits, fertile soils, climates suitable for farming, rivers, rain forests, gold and silver, copper, iron ore, bauxite, and petroleum
What are the main languages spoken in South America?
Spanish, Portugese, Dutch, English, French, Quechua, Guarani, and Portunol
Describe the four major issues facing South America today.
1. loss of the Amazon rainforest because of new farms and ranches
2. soil exhaustion threatens south America's future. Overgrazing and loss of soil nutrients is causing this problem.
3. Political issues also cause conflict. Many South American countries have been involved in border disputes often over areas with valuable resources.
4. Violence is a problem. Terrorism is present in many South American countries, particularly Colombia.