50 terms

Government - Walker/Symes/Howe

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What was the only branch under the articles of confederation?
Congress
Which plan proposed the number of representatives based on a state's population?
The Virginia Plan
A plan proposed during the Constitutional Convention that each state would have one representative in Congress.
New Jersey Plan
A compromise that created two houses of Congress (bicameral), with the Senate favoring small states and the House of Representatives favoring large states.
Connecticut or Great Compromise
The three branches of the US government
Legislative, Judicial, Executive
The document that is the basis for how our government runs
The Constitution
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments that protect an individual's rights
Role of executive branch
Enforces laws and Set Regulations
Role of legislative branch
Create and Pass Bills/Make Laws
Role of judicial branch
Interprets laws
Which branch can declare a law unconstitutional using Judicial Review?
Judicial
Which branch is elected by voters only from their home state?
Legislative
Which branch is elected by the Electoral College?
Executive
Which branch has a lifetime term?
Judicial
Which branch can impeach (bring charges)?
Legislative
Which branch can declare war?
Legislative
Which branch is led by the President?
Executive
Which branch appoints new Supreme Court Justices?
Executive
Veto
Presidential action blocking a bill passed by Congress, can be overridden by 2/3 of Congress
Bicameral Legislative Branch
The House and Senate together
What branch has 15 departments whose leaders make up the President's cabinet?
Executive
A bill
A rule that is going through the process of becoming a law. Must be passed by Congress and signed by the President
Amendment
A change to the Constitution voted on by the people
How many Senators serve from each state?
2
How many Representatives serve from each state?
Depends on the population
Term of a Senator
6 years
Term of a Representative
2 years
Term of the President
4 years
Mike Pence
Vice President of the United States
Donald Trump
President
Paul Ryan
Speaker of the House/Representative for 1st WI Congressional District
Tammy Baldwin, Ron Johnson
Wisconsin Senators
Mark Pocan
Representative for 2nd WI Congressional District
Republicanism
People's power is expressed through their elected representatives.
Popular Sovereignty
The power of government lies in the people's hands.
Individual Rights
The personal liberties and privileges laid out by the Bill of Rights. Anti-Federalists fought for these rights at the Constitutional Convention.
Checks and Balances
System to make sure one branch doesn't have too much power
Separation of Powers
The government is divided into 3 separate branches.
1st Amendment Freedoms
Press, Speech, Religion, Assembly, Petition the Government
John Roberts
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
Neil Gorsuch
Supreme Court Justice
Clarence Thomas
Supreme Court Justice
Anthony Kennedy
Supreme Court Justice
Stephen Breyer
Supreme Court Justice
Sonia Sotomayor
Supreme Court Justice
Elene Kagan
Supreme Court Justice
Ruth Bader Ginsburg (RBG)
Supreme Court Justice
3/5 Compromise
Set the value of slaves at 3/5 of a person for the sake of determining representation.
James Madison
Primary architect of the Constitution
Compromise made between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists during the Constitutional Convention.
Bill of Rights
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