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Japan Section 2
Terms in this set (32)
Japanese nobles created great art in their court at _____
______ changed in Japan during the Heian period.
Japanese culture experienced a _______ during the Heian period of the 800s to the 1100s
A group of nobles who live near and serve or advise a ruler.
What is an imperial court?
Noble there loved beauty and elegance.
Why did Heian become a center of culture?
Men usually wrote in Chinese, but women wrote in Japanese.
What was the main reason that most early Japanese literature was written by women?
shy and nervous
How did Sei Shonagon feel when she met the empress?
short and very structured, usually about love or nature
What were Japanese poem usually like?
because people wanted poems to look as beautiful as they sounded.
Why was calligraphy considered an important art form in Heian?
A kind of play that combines music, speaking and dance.
What is Noh?
The most popular form of poetry during the Heian period.
literature, visual art, architecture, fashion, and performing arts
What forms of art were popular in the Heian period?
introduction of Buddhism
The _________ to Japan also brought new ideas about architecture.
One well-known type of Japanese building. Pagodas are multiple-storied buildings that were built as monument near Buddhist temples.
_______ is one of the world's oldest form of theater. They were usually perform for nobles.
Zen, Pure Land
What forms of Buddhism developed in Japan?
Zen Buddhists believe in self-discipline and meditation rather than in faith and good behavior.
How do the belief of Zen Buddhists differ from those of other Buddhists?
It became more of an art form for nobles, commoners developed Pure Land Buddhism, and Zen Buddhism appealed to warriors.
How did Buddhism changed Japan?
Where did Japan's court move in the late 700s?
Nobles supported the arts and made great advances in literature, painting, calligraphy, and drama.
Why are the 800s to the 1100s considered a golden age for Japanese literature and art?
Women were able to take part in and write about court society.
Do you think women in Heian had more rights and freedoms than women in other societies? Why or why not?
Pure Land and Zen Buddhism
What were two forms of Buddhism that developed in Japan?
Nobles enjoyed rituals and ceremonies, whereas the common people simply chanted Buddha's name.
How was religion among Japan's nobles different from religion among the common people?
They wanted salvation but had no time or money for elaborate rituals.
Why do you think Pure Land Buddhism was popular with common people?
architecture: natural style, elegant gardens and ponds
visual art: paintings , calligraphy
fashion: silk robes, gold jewelry
literature: diaries, novels
performing arts: accrobats, musicians
List two contributions that the Japanese made in one of the arts.
Noh plays combined music, speaking, and dance; poetry was often about love or nature; illustrations could be an actor in a play and a poem.
Japan's nobles left a legacy of beautiful art that today's visitors can still enjoy. Choose two art forms describe in this section and take notes for your brochure.
Lady Murasaki Shikibu
Was a noble and a servant to the Empress Akiko. While in the empress's service, she wrote lively observations of court life in her diaries. She also wrote the novel The Tale of Genji.
When did she live?
Where did she live?
The Tale of Genji is one of the World's oldest novel , and some would argue- one of the best. Besides entertaining readers for hundred of years, The Tale of Genji describe the daily lives, customs, and attitudes of Japanese nobles of the time.
Why is she important?
Her position as a noble and as a servant to empress Akiko enabled her to observe and comment upon court and upper-class life in Japan.
What qualified Lady Murasaki to comment on upper class life in Japan?
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