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54 terms

Intro to Music- Exam 1

STUDY
PLAY
global perspective
a worldwide point of view, including awareness of and respect for the lifestyles, traditions, values and arts of other nations and cultures
assimilation
the process whereby immigrant groups gradually adopt the characteristics of the host society
ethnic
pertaining to people who are not part of a mainstream population but are recognized as a group on the basis of certain distinctive characteristics, such as religion, language, ancestry, culture or national origin
ethnomusicologist
a scholar of music in culture-- of world music
acculturation
the blending of cultures
midi
a means for providing electronic communication between synthesizers and computers or other synthesizers; it enables sounds to be stored in memory until needed
acoustic
the science of sounds and the physical basis of music
aesthetic
the study of the emotional and expressive aspects of music
score
a printed version of a piece of music
notation
the use of written or printed symbols to represent musical sounds
improvise
the process of simultaneously composing, performing, and listening to music
perceptive listening
listening to music attentively in an attempt to understand the musical processes and structure that give the music its characteristic qualities
pitch
the highness or lowness of a tone produced by a single frequency
duration
the length of time a pitch sounds
loudness
the degree of intensity or energy producing a sound
timbre
the characteristic quality of the sound of a voice or instrument
texture
the density of sound; the number of simultaneously sounding lines
form
the shape or structure of a piece of music
contour
the shape of a melody, whether smooth or jagged
scale
an ascending or descending series of tones organized according to a specified pattern of intervals
tonality
the gravitational pull of music toward a tonal center
theme
a short melody or phrase that has a sense of completeness-- a complete musical thought; a theme usually ends with a cadence
chord
a meaningful combination of two or more tones
tempo
the rate of speed at which music is performed
pulse
the recurring beat of the music
meter
the organization of rhythm into a pattern of strong and weak beats
duple meter
a rhythmic pattern in which alternate beats are stressed
triple meter
a rhythmic pattern in which the first of every three beats is stressed
mixed meter
combinations of duple and triple meter
syncopation
the occurrence of accents in unexpected places, usually on weak beats or on weak parts of beats
downbeats
the first beat of each measure in Western notated music
dynamics
the level of loudness
accent
a stress or emphasis on a particular tone
variety
music that departs from previously stated themes and creates points of contrast
unity
music that does not ramble and is cohesive, with an exact or a modified repetition of themes and patterns
contrast
a departure from that which has been presented
repetition
a return to previously stated material
forward energy
the tendency in some music to have momentum- that is, to move from one point to the next, such as from the beginning of a phrase to its conclusion
tension
a perception of instability in tradition western music that suggests the need for release of tension or resolution
dissonance
an active, unstable sound
consonance
a relatively stable, comfortable sound that seems to be at rest in contrast with a dissonant, restless sound
modulation
to change from one key to another, frequently by harmonic progression
genre
a category of music, such as symphony, hymn, ballad, mass, march, and opera
song form
a 32-bar a a b a chorus (verse)
verse-chorus
a form in which there are different texts to each verse and a return to the chorus after each verse
twelve-bar-blues
a musical phrase of 12 bars, usually divided into three 4-bar segments using a specific set of chord progressions
blues
a style of music that has exerted considerable influence on jazz, rhythm and blues, soul, rock and other forms of recent American popular music
cadences
a point of repose at the ending of a musical phrase
motive
a short melodic pattern or phrase that is used for further development and sometimes as the basis of a section of music or a complete composition
vibrato
an oscillating variation of pitch that enhances a tone, providing richness and warmth, particularly to sustained pitches or to a slow, lyrical melody
"Sylvie"
Huddie Ledbetter
"Body and Soul"
Edward Heyman
"String Quartet in C, Op. 33, No. 2, II"
Franz Joseph Haydn
"Nkende yamuyayu"
Traditional