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Mystery of History Volume 3
Terms in this set (33)
What is the current name for the passage Magellan discovered through South America to the Pacific Ocean?
Strait of Magellan
Magellan wanted to sail west from Portugal to reach what destination?
In what country was Magellan attacked and killed by the natives?
During his voyage along the coast of South America, Magellan and his men were forced to camp on the mainland due to cold weather. What is the current name for this country and what name did the sailors give it?
What was the name of the main city of the Aztecs which is present day Mexico City?
What was Cortes anxious to find in Mexico
Name the Peruvian empire conquered by Fransisco Pizarro.
Name the Aztec chief who was taken prisoner by Cortes and stone by his own people.
Name the Spanish explorer who Pizarro worked for who failed in his quest to find the legendary Incas.
What was the name of the man and the ship that eventually circumnavigated the world? Hint: He took over after Magellan died.
Juan Sebastian de El Cano & the Victoria
Michelangelo was famous for painting the ceiling of what?
The Sistine Chapel
Name the famous Biblical figure Michelangelo sculpted for the entrance to Pope Julius' tomb.
Name the artist who painted the Tower of Babel.
What is the name of Raphael's painting that brought together more than 50 characters from history?
School of Athens
Name the two great statues that Michelangelo created early in his career.
David & The Pieta
What did Martin Luther post on the door of the All Saints Church in Wittenberg, Germany?
In 1520, Pope Leo X issued a special letter which condemned Martin Luther. What is the name for this type of letter?
Machiavelli was influenced by what evil, corrupt leader?
What was the name of Machiavelli's famous essay on politics and power?
Name two of the three very important beliefs that Martin Luther stated in his debate with Johann Eck.
a. 1. The Pope was no infallible
b. 2. The Church of Rome was not supreme over other churches.
c. 3. The Bible, not the church, is the ultimate authority for Christians.
A favor or blessing granted by the Pope to lessen one's temporal punishment for sin in exchange for money was called a what?
What was the name of Erasmus' famous satire?
In Praise of Folly
At what special meeting was Martin Luther asked to recant and deny his beliefs?
Diet of Worms
What does the term "Machiavellianism" refer to today?
Evil or dirty politics
Erasmus was a humanist. Define what it means to be a humanist.
Someone who gives more credit to man than to God
Jan van Eyck
He was a Flemish artist who created the The Arnolfini Marriage
In this painting there is a husband and wife holding hands in a room surrounded with details that tell us more about everyday life in the fourteenth-century. (Jan van Eyck)
The Arnolfini Marriage
In this painting it portrays the folly of man's sin and the consequences of it in the end. (Michelangelo)
The Last Judgement
In this painting it shows each person going about there life in a river, Each person appears to be fool for chasing after something in "life". (Jerome Bosch)
Ships of Fools
There is a story about the artist who painted this piece of art. He and his brother both wished to attend a school to study art. So they decided that one would go to the school and the other would stay back and work o the farm, then they would keep switching so that both of them can study art. But the one that attended the school first was so good at art that the brother wanted him to keep studying the art while he would say back and tend to the farm. So the artist captured his brothers hard working hands praying. (Albrecht Durer)
He was a Flemish artist
In this painting the artist captured two cherubs after seeing a pair of street children lean against the window of a bakery. (Raphael)
In this painting the artist paints a beautiful women in jewels and in fancy cloth. This painting means "Women with a veil"
La Donna Velata
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