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the ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture
the time when humans first domesticated plants and animals and no longer relied entirely on hunting and gathering
the process of change in a society's population from a condition of high CBR and CDR and low rate of natural increase to a condition of low CBRs and CDRs and a higher total population
the number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64 compared to the number of people active in the labor force
the number of years needed to double a population assuming a constant rate of natural increase
branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, and control of diseases that are prevalent among a population at a specific time and are produced by some special causes not generally present in the affected locality
a series of improvements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
the total number of deaths in a year among infants under 1 year old for every 1000 live births in a society
the average number of years an individual can be expected to live, given current social, economic, and medical conditions
the number of people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living
disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects a very high proportion of the population
the number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture
bRITISH received pRONUNCIATION
THE DIALECT OF eNGLISH ASSOCIATED WITH UPPER CLASS bRITONS LIVING IN lONDON AND NOW CONSIDERED STANDARD IN THE uk
a language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated
a regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and mispronunciation
a term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language; a combo of francais and anglais
the system of writing used in China and other E Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or a concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with English letters
a language that's unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family
a system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning
a collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago; differences aren't as extensive or as old as with language families
a collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history
a collection of languages with in a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary
a language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
the language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents
a form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca; used for communications among speakers of 2 different languages
the form of a language used for official gov't business, edu, and mass communications
a form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents
migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
the area subject to flooding during a given number of years according to historical trends
workers who migrate to the more developed countries of N and W Europe, usually from S and E Europe or from N Africa, in search of higher paying jobs
change in the migration pattern of a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition
in reference to migration, laws that place max limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year
people who are forced to migrate from their home country and can't return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion
the frequent repetition of an act, to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group of people performing the act
culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups
culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics
the interplay between globalization and local diversity
the geographic study of rht distribution of languages provides a good example of
it has a big role as the common language of a global economy and culture
how has English achieved unprecedented acceptance globally?
they both invaded England
how did both the Angles and Normans contribute to the development of the English language?
a group of languages that share a common origin but have since evolved into individual languages
threatened by extinction in England; are still spoken by people in France; have been revived in some parts of the British Isles; have an extensive body of literature
Marija Gimbutas' theory points to the first speakers of the Indo-European language as the ancient...
with the diffusion of agriculture
according to Renfrew's Anatolian hearth theory, how did Indo-European languages diffuse across Europe?
Iceland's relative isolation from other places
why has the Icelandic language changed less than any other Germanic language
thousands of years of isolation between tribal groups
resulted in the large number of individual languages documented in Africa
The present distribution of languages around the world is due to technological advances and the diffusion of popular culture (T/F)
Americans spell words differently than the British primarily because of a strong national feeling in the US for an independent identity (T/F)
A language family is a collection of languages related through a common ancestral language existing before recorded history (T/F)
most other languages Romans came in contact with were extinguished or suppressed
what happened to the Native European languages?
the Roman Empire collapsed and various provinces were isolated from each other
how did other languages evolve from Latin
popular customs are known for their meaning and natural properties rather than appearance (T/F)
globalization is known for preserving the unique qualities of Folk cultures, such as female subservience (T/F)
influence of the friction of distance
the slope of the decay function in distance decay models illustrates
death rates increase, then birth rates decrease, and the population levels off
the Demographic Transition Theory
the demographic transition model
explained how countries with high levels of economic production will have lower b irth rates
as baby boomers reach old age and are no longer able to work and provide for themselves, the ___ will increase
humans will determine how they will adapt themselves, or their environment to their lifestyle choices
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