deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior patterns. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 640)
the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and, in most cases, cured
The American psychiatric association's widely used system for classifying psychological disorders.
a psychological disorder that is usually distressing but that allows one to think rationally and function socially
a psychological disorder in which a person loses contact with reality, experiencing irrational ideas and distorted perceptions.
psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arousal
an anxiety disorder marked by a persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation
An anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts and/or actions.
an anxiety disorder marked by a minutes-long episode of intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain, choking, or other frightening sensations
disorders characterized by physical symptoms for which no known physical cause exists
Somatoform disorders in which individuals experience serious somatomic symptoms such as fuctional blindness, deafness, and paralysis
a condition characterized by misinterpretation of physical symptoms and fearing that one has a serious illness despite appropriate medical evaluation and reassurance
disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated (dissociated) from previous memories, thoughts, and feelings
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
a disorder characterized by an acute emotional responce to a traumatic event or severe emotional stress such as an airplane crash, repeated physical or emotional trauma
Dissociative Identity Disorder
a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities
psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes. See major depressive disorder, mania, and bipolar disorder. (Myers Psychology 8e p. 658)
Major Depressive Disorder
a mood disorder in which a person, for no apparent reason, experiences two or more weeks of depressed moods, feelings of worthlessness, and diminishes interest or pleasure in most activities
a mood disorder in which the person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania
a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning
A person who lacks a conscience, is emotionally shallow, impulsive, and selfish, and tends to manipulate others
a contemporary perspective which assumes that biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors combine and interact to produce pscyhological disorders
Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
A psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 or one or more of three key symptoms: extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.