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23 terms

Parks 6th Grade Science Dictionary - Unit 6: Conservation of Energy

STUDY
PLAY
Radiant Energy
Energy from vibrations of electrically charged particles
Electrical Energy
Energy of moving electrons
Mechanical Energy
Energy of moving objects
Sound Energy
Energy from an object's vibrations traveling through air
Thermal Energy
Energy of particles making up an object (the movement of atoms/particles)
Nuclear Energy
Energy caused by changes to an atom's nucleus
Chemical Energy
Energy stored in a substance that is released when the substance reacts
Gravitational Energy
Energy caused by a body's (i.e. Earth) gravitational pull
Potential Energy
Energy stored in an object
Kinetic Energy
Energy in motion
Energy Transformation
Changing energy from one form to another
Energy Transfer
Moving energy from one place or object to another
Energy
The ability to do work
Work
When a force is applied to an object, causing it to move
Law of Conservation of Energy
Energy is neither created nor destroyed, but only changed
Heat
The movement of thermal energy
Conduction
Transfer of thermal energy through solids by direct contact
Convection
Transfer of thermal energy through liquids or gases; circulation of hot and cold
Radiation
Transfer of thermal energy through space by waves, without direct contact
Equilibrium
When thermal energy moves from something warmer to something cooler until both are the same temperature
Temperature
The measure of kinetic energy in a substance
Generator
A machine that produces electricity
Turbine
A mechanical device with blades that spin by pressure from water, steam, or air