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Mercyb AP Comparative Unit 3 Iran
Terms in this set (30)
a government controlled by religious leaders
the process by which religious beliefs, practices, and institutions lose their significance in sectors of society and culture.
system of religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BC by Zoroaster
One of the two main branches of Islam. Shiites recognize Ali, the fourth caliph, and his descendants as rightful rulers of the Islamic world; practiced in the Safavid empire.
a member of the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad
spiritual leaders of Shi'ah Islam, said to be direct descendents of Muhammad
Iranian religious leader of the Shiites; when Shah Pahlavi's regime fell Khomeini established a new constitution giving himself supreme powers (1900-1989)
The ruler of Iran from 1945 to 1979, embraced western governments and philosophies until he was overthrown by Ayatollah Khomeini.
Khomeini's concept that the Iranian clergy should rule on the grounds that they are the divinely appointed guardians of both the law and the people. He developed this concept tin the 1970s.
system of Islamic law that is based on the Quran
Iranian kingdom (1502-1722) established by Ismail Safavi, who declared Iran a Shi'ite state.
members of the dynasty that ruled present-day iran from the late 1700s until 1925
Iran's unicameral parliament, consisting of 290 elected representatives
The leading theological body in Iran for political purposes.
A state that derives a substantial portion of its revenue on a regular basis from payments by foreign concerns in the form of rent
Policy of Shah to rapidly modernize and westernize Iran
believers within Islam who offer a critique of secular states and seek to change states and individual behaviors to conform to a strict reading of Islamic texts
Assembly of Religious Experts
nominates the Supreme Leader and can replace him. Elected by the general electorate but almost all its members are clerics
the current Leader of Iran, elected by the Assembly of Experts after serving as president for eight years
Reform minded leader who served as Iran's President from 1997-2005.
the Current president of Iran
appointed body that mediates between the Majlis and the Guardian Council over legislative disputes
-A body of statues made by legislative bodies inside Iran
-In Iran, qanun are passed by the Majles.
-Qanun is law made by the people's elected representatives
The militarized quasi-police force of the revolutionary government during the Iranian Revolution.
"people's militia" that serves as a public morals police
Axis of Evil
A group of nations accused by the Bush administration of sponsoring terrorism and threatening to develop weapons of mass destruction
Iranian intelligence service under the shah
Arabic term for expediency, prudence, or advisability; now used in Iran to refer to reasons of state or what is best for the Islamic Republic
System of Islamic law that is based on the Quran
organization of petroleum exporting countries
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