15 terms

Roman Republic

from the Branches of Government in the Roan Republic worksheet
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Senate
formed by Romulus; served for life; administered laws and decrees; controlled treasury and collected taxes; appointe dmilitary commanders; received foreign ambassadors and ratified treaties with foreign powers
Comitia Curiata
approved family documents; recognized curia of Rome
Comitia Centuriata
army organized into centuries with groups of equites (cavalry), hoplites, and proletarians (unarmed men); met on Campus Martius; elected consuls, praetors, and censors; voted
Concilium Plebis
Plebeian curiae; elcted tribunes to represent plebeians; plebicites
Comitia Tributa Populi
free citizens; elected quaesters; righ to enact legislation
Magistrates
quaestors, aediles, praetors, consuls|dictator, censor, tribune
Quaestor
assistant to Consuls, financial affairs, muder investigators
Aedile
first assistants to tribunes then patrician adeiles; public games and grain supply
Praetors
judge; imperium if consuls away; command army in emergency
Consuls
one year; imperium; preceded by 12 lictors on formal occasions; could veto the other; alternated in office
Dictator
6 month term in crisis; absolute power; legend of Cincinntus
Censors
2; assessed property and assigned citizens to gentes, curia, and centuries; enforced public morality; could appoint senators; could expel senators; 5 years; no imperium
Tribunes
leader of plebeians; no imperium; sacrosnct; could veto consul and senate
Cursus honorum
order of advancement through elected offices
Imperium
power of magistrates to command armies and coerce citizens