27 terms

Weather Vocabulary 2016-2017

Week 1
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Terms in this set (...)

weather
properties of the atmosphere at a given time and location, including temperature, air movement and precipitation
climate
average weather conditions in an area
atmosphere
layers of gas that surround a planet
precipitation
water that is released from clouds in the sky including rain, snow, sleet, hail and freezing rain
temperature
the measure of how hot or cold the air is outside
meteorology
the study of patterns of weather
climatology
the study of climate
forecast
a prediction about weather in the future
condensation
to turn from a gas into a liquid
water cycle
continual movement of water between land, ocean, and air
water vapor
water in gas form, produced when water evaporates, example steam
transpiration
water vapor released through the leaves of plants
evaporation
the process in which matter changes from a liquid to a gas
run-off
water that drains into rivers, lakes and oceans
ground water
water stored below Earth's surface in soil and rock layers, stored underground not in a body of water
thermometer
measures temperature
anemometer
measures wind speed
rain gauge
measures the amount of rain fall
wind vane
tells which direction the wind is blowing
hygrometer
measures the amount of water (humidity) in the air
barometer
measures the air pressure
tropical
hot climate zone near equator
temperate
moderate, average, not too hot, not too cold, just right
polar
cold climate zone near the poles
air pressure
force of air pushing on something
cloud
collection of water droplets in the sky
fog
cloud close to the surface of the Earth