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Terms in this set (51)
a story in which objects, characters, and actions are symbols of something outside of narrative Ex. Alice in Wonderland is about the British Government
the repetition of initial sounds Ex. The fair breeze blew, the white foam flew
a reference to a well known person, place, event, literary work or work of art. Ex. Author Herman Melville names a ship the Pequod in Moby DIck. The Pequod trip is extinct, and this foreshadows the vessel's own extinction
something out of its normal time Ex. Jesus wears a watch
repetition when it is specifically used at the beginning of two or more lines, clauses, or sentences. Ex. I have a dream- MLK
a comparison that explains or describes one subject by pointing out its similarities to another subject Ex. Cat; meow; dog: bark
involves a direct contrast of structurally parallel word groupings, generally for the purpose of contrast. Ex It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness
a concise statement of a principle or precept given in pointed words. Ex. Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it again
condensed form of expression in which a series is presented without conjunction Ex. I came, I saw, I conquered
a moral and spiritual cleansing; an emphatic identification with others Ex. watching a protagonist overcome great overcome great odds to survive can create catharsis; confession purges the soul
a person or thing that precipitates an event or change. Ex Luke Skywalker's aunt and uncle dying is the spark for him to join the rebellion
set of associations that occur to people when they hear or read a word Ex. the word home evokes feeling of warmth, love ect. house does not have the same effect.
the dictionary meaning of a word
(word choice) to discuss a writer's diction is to consider the vocabulary use, the appropriateness of the words, and the vividness of the language.
the deliberate omission of a word or words which are readily implied by the context; it creates an elegant or daring economy of words
a sudden understanding or realization which prior to this was not thought of or understood
a device where being indirect replaces directness to avoid unpleasantness Ex. at liberty instead of out of work, senior citizen instead of old man
a character who contrasts with another character (usually the protagonist) in order to highlight various features of that other character's personality, throwing these characteristics into sharper focus. Ex. Jane and Lizzy
writing or speech not meant to be interpreted literally Ex. simile, metaphor, personification
the use in a literary work of clues that suggest events that have yet to occur
derived from the greek word Hybris, meaning excessive pride. In Greek tragedy, hubris is often viewed as the flaw that leads tot he downfall of the tragic hero.
a deliberate exaggeration or overstatement Ex. That story is as old as time
a word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the five senses
the general name given to literary techniques that involve differences between a: appearances and reality b: expectation and result c: meaning and intention
a poetic and rhetorical device in which normally unassociated ideas, words, or phrases are placed next to one another
uses words in their ordinary senses (opposite of figurative lang)
(opposite of a hyperbole) an understatement usually through a form of negation Ex. to say " she was not unmindful" when one means that "she gave careful attention"
a comparison between two unlike things not using as, like, than or resembles
a figure of speech in which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely associated with it. Ex. blood sweat and tears represent hard work
the feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage
the reason that explains or partially explains a character's thought, feelings, actions or behavior
a simple device that serves a s basis for an expanded narrative... the motif is a recurring feature in the work
a speaker or character who tells a story... He/she may be either a character in the story or an outside observer
the use of words that imitate sounds. Ex hiss, buzz, whirr, sizzle, coo
a statement that seems contradictory or absurd but that expresses the truth. Ex. for when i am weak, then i am strong
the repetition of grammatical structures. it consists of phrases or sentences of similar construction and meaning placed side by side, balancing each other.
giving human characteristics to a nonhuman subject. Ex. the rock stubbornly refused to move.
Point of View
the perspective from which a story is told
the opposite of asyndeton) the deliberate use of many conjunctions for special emphasis to highlight quantity or mass of detail or to create a flowing continuous sentence patter; it slows the pace of the sentence
the use, more than once, of any element of language, a sound, a word, a phrase, a clause, or a sentence
a type of irony in which a person appears to be praising something but is actually insulting it
details that describe what is seen, heard, smelled, tasted, or touched
a comparison between two unlike things using words such as as, like, than, or resembles.
a feeling of curiosity or uncertainty about the outcome of events in a literary work
the ridicule of any subject, idea or institution, an actual person or type of person, or even mankind in general to lower it in the reader's esteem and make it laughable
anything that stands for or represents something else, an object that serves as a symbol has its own meaning but is also represents abstract ideas
the physical arrangement of words in a sentence
a central message or insite into life reveal ed throughout the literary work... a generalization about human beings or about like that the lit work communicated
Tongue in Cheek
characterized by insincerity, irony, whimsy if you use this in speaking, what you have said is humorous, perhaps sarcastic, although at face value it appears to be serious.
the writers attitude toward his/her audience and subject
saying less than is actually meant, generally in an ironic way.Ex. when someone says pretty fair but means splendid
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