Biome

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Terms in this set (...)

Biome
A group of ecosystems characterized by a specific type of climate and certain types of plant and animal communities
Climate
The average weather conditions in an area over a long period of time
Taiga/Coniferous forest
a terrestrial habitat that is characterized by long snowy cold winters, and short summers. Trees have needles instead of leaves.
Temperate Forest
Biome south of the boreal forest characterized by broad-leaved , deciduous trees, well-defined seasons, and average yearly precipitation of 75-150 cm
Grassland
This biome is characterized by rich soil, moderate rainfall, a hot, dry climate, thick grasses, and herds of grazing animals.
Tropical Rainforest
Forests in which rainfall is abundant - more that 200 cm (80 in) per year - and temperatures are warm or hot year-round, Has broad leaved trees.
Tundra
A biome at the northernmost limits of plant growth and at high altitudes, characterized by dwarf woody shrubs, grasses, mosses, and lichens.
Desert
Region with little rainfall and few plants
photosynthesis
6CO2 + 6H2O + light --> C6H12O6 + 6O2
A process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy, normally from the Sun, into chemical energy that can be later released to fuel the organisms' activities.
Climatograph
a graph of climate data for a specific region; the data are usually obtained over 30 years from local weather observation stations
Adaptation
A trait that helps an organism survive and reproduce
Autotroph
An organism that can make its own food.
Heterotroph
An organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms
Estuary
Place where fresh and salt water mix.
Marine
Ocean water
Benthic Zone
The deepest ocean zone where no light can reach

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