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92 terms

MIDTERM History

STUDY
PLAY
They lived in chiefdoms
Which of the following is not true of the peoples of Australia in the 15th century?
They were ranked societies that sometimes included slavery
which of the following is true of the more advanced gathering and hunting societies that flourished along the northwest coast of North America in the 15th century? (slavery)
The Fulbe
Which of the following was a West African pastoral society?
controlled agriculture, selected political officeholders, could dispose political officeholders
Women in Iroquois society did what?
giving greater autonomy to the provinces
In its effort to recover from the disruption of Mongol rule, the
Ming dynasty took all of the following steps except:
They hoped that their oceangoing ventures might bring lasting peace among European political powers
Which of the following was not a reason that Europeans embraced oceanic exploration?
The Safavid Empire
This Muslim empire forcibly imposed a Shia version of Islam as the official religion of the state.
Tenochtitlan
The capital city of the Aztec Empire was
The sun was central to all life, but loses energy against darkness
which of the following is true of Aztec religion?(Energy)
the suppression of all local deities and their replacement with worship of the Inca god Inti
which of the following was not a feature of the Inca Empire?
gender parallelism
In both the Inca and Aztec empires, women and men operated in two separate but equivalent spheres, a gender system that scholars call:
Religion, empire,trade
Which of the following was an important force in the creation of the webs or networks of influence, connection, and exchange that connected regions of the globe in the 15th century?
Timbuktu
a key center of Islamic learning and culture in West Africa was the city of:
Italy
The European Renaissance began in present-day:
The silk roads
which of the following long-distance trade networks contracted during the 15th century?
Zheng He
The Chinese admiral ________ captained a large imperial fleet into the Indian Ocean as far as the East African coast.
Igbo
Unlike their neighbors, the ____ of West Africa relied on title societies, women's associations, hereditary ritual experts serving as mediators, and a balance of power among kinship groups to maintain social cohesion beyond the village level
Timur
The conquests of ______, who led a brief attempt to restore the Mongol Empire even as it was disintegrating, proved to be the last great military success of nomadic peoples from Central Asia.
Renaissance
The _________ was a period of cultural renewal in Western Europe in which artists and scholars sought at first to imitate and then to surpass the works of classical Greece and Rome
Vasco de gama
In 1497, the Portuguese explorer ________ launched a voyage that took him around the tip of South Africa and into the Indian Ocean.
Ottoman
The ______ Empire was the most impressive and enduring of the the new Islamic states of the 15th century
Malacca
The port city of _______, located on the waterway between sumatra and malaya, become a springboard for the spread of Islam throughout Southeast Asia in the 15th century.
Inca
The ____ constructed the largest empire in the Americas during the 15th century.
Fulbe
The ____ were the largest pastoral society in West Africa.
Mughal
The _____ empire ruled over most of the Indian peninsula in the 16th and 17th centuries
They were initiated by maritime expansion
Which of the following was true only of the western European empires among all the early modern empires?
British North America
The racial system of which of the following regions was characterized by less racial mixing and less willingness to recognize the offspring of interracial unions than occurred in the other regions?
Joint international ventures to explore new lands
Europeans were motivated to venture across the Atlantic Ocean for all of the following except
the establishment of large numbers of plantations in many regions
which of the following was NOT an outcome of the establishment of European empires in the Americas?
possessed an economy based on commercial agriculture and mining
The Spanish empire in former Aztec and Inca lands: (economy)
Creoles
which of the following social groups held the highest social status in the societies of Spanish colonial Mexico and Peru?
British North America
by 1750, almost all the slaves in the plantation-based society of "this region" had been born in the New World.
More slaves were voluntarily set free by their owners in Brazil than in North America
which of the following statements about the systems of slavery in Brazil and North America is true?
evolved stronger traditions of local self-government than did their counterparts in Mexico or Brazil
The settler colonies of New England, New York, and Pennslyvania
Mongolia, Xinjiang, and tibet
under the Qing Dynasty, Chinese rulers built an immense Central Asian empire that included:
the creation of a new office called the Court of colonial affairs
Which of the following was a feature of China's rule over its newly acquired Central Asian territories that made the region more a part of an empire rather than an integral part of the Chinese state?
Aurangzeb
The mughal emperor who reserved the policy of accomodation and sought to impose Islamic supremacy in the empire was
required Balkan christian communities within the empire to hand over young boys to be trained for military or administrative service
the ottoman process of devshirme
the imposition of Islamic law on all Hindus
which of the following was NOT a policy implemented by the mughal emperor Akbar
transfer of plants/animals, disease, migration
which of the following was a part of the columbian exchange?
the great dying
the demographic collapse of the Native American societies following the arrival of Western Europeans is commonly referred to as _______
mercantilism
The economic theory known as __________ underpinned the efforts of European governments to encourage exports and accumulate precious metals, which they believed to be the source of national prosperity.
mestizos
the most distinctive feature of the new colonial societies in Mexico and Peru was the emergence of ___________, or mixed race population, the products of unions between Spanish men and Indian women.
sugar
the economies of European colonies in Brazil and the Caribbean were reliant on the production and processing of _____ for their wealth.
siberia
Russia's conquest of ________ transformed Russia into an imperial power, in no small part b/c of the wealth generated from the fur trade.
qing
the _______ dynasty created a large central asian empire that vastly enlarged the Chinese state.
istanbul
in 1453, the ottoman turks captured constantinople, renamed it _______ and made it the capital of their empire
mulattoes
_________ was a general term for people of Portuguese and African descent in Brazil.
akbar
the muslim mughal emperor______ imposed a policy of toleration and accommodation of the Hindu majority in his empire.
arabs
Large-scale sugar production was pioneered by the ____, from whom the Europeans learned the technique before transferring in to the Americas.
the collapse of Venetian trade routes
what was NOT a reason for Europeans to seek direct seaborne contact with Asian markets? (the collap)
Europe relied on Muslim markets for indian ocean goods, venice held a monopoly on trade routes for eastern goods, few european products were attractive in eastern markets
Before Portuguese explorers reached the Indian ocean, they: (3 things)
use their superior naval technology to conquer several strategic port cities
once they established sea routes in the Indian Ocean, the Portuguese were able to:
Portugese
all of the following European powers constructed trading post empires in the indian ocean through private trading companies except:
the severance of trade ties to China and Korea
which of the following was NOT a policy of the tokugawa shogun?
was the first direct and sustained link between the Americas and Asia.
the global silver trade:
the displacement early on of Native American hunters by large numbers of European trappers and hunters.
which of the following was NOT a result of the fur trade in North America? (displace)
only in North America did competition between European traders mean that furs were obtained largely through commercial negotiations.
an important difference between the Siberian and North American fur trades was that:
intro of African music and art, enrichment of European and Euro-american societies, and intro of african religious ideas in American cultures
what was a long-term impact of the Atlantic slave trade?
some slaves acquired prominent military or political status
within the Islamic world, (slaves?)
european merchants waited on board their ships or in port cities to purchase slaves
which statement is true of the West African slave trade?
in the 1700s
the number of slaves shipped from Africa to the Americas peaked between
The caribbean and brazil
what were the most common destinations in the Americas for West African slaves?
Kongo
this large African kingdom disintegrated in part because of the slave trade
rapid domestic economic growth
which of the following was NOT a long-term consequence of the Atlantic slave trade for Africa?
Prester John
Many Europeans hoped that one of the outcomes of their seaborne explorations would be the establishment of an alliance with the Christian monarch known as ___________against a common Islamic energy.
Phillipine
the Spanish established outright colonial rule on the _________ islands, transforming the region into the only major outpost of Christianity in Asia.
Dutch
the _______ focused its efforts on dominating the spice trade by seizing control of a number of small spice-producing islands in what is now Indonesia.
tokugawa
by the early 17th century, the ________ shogunate had ended Japan's civil wars and unified Japan politically.
Fur
the ___ trade was the driving force behind the integration of Siberia into global trade networks.
sugar
the precursors to the system of slavery in the Atlantic world were the ____ -producing plantations that Europeans established within the Mediterranean and later on various islands off the coast of West Africa.
Potosi
the city of ____ in what is now Bolivia emerged during the 16th to service the world's largest silver mine and became the largest city in the Americas.
trading
the British and Dutch East India companies and the Portuguese al sought to set up ______ empires in the Indian Ocean.
fewer female objects of veneration
the Protestant Reformation offered women:
invention of printing press facilitated its spread
which is true about the protestant reformation? (what facilitated it)
emphasized education, moral purity, and civic responsiblity
New England puritans
spanish catholic missionaries in the Philippines
which of the following had greatest success in converting peoples to Christianity?
the chief aztec god was equated to Jesus
which of the following is NOT an example of how christianity was assimilated into the preexisting culture of Mexico
the relative independence of European universities
which of the following contributed most to the scientific revolution occuring in Europe rather than in China or the Islamic world?
nearly all of its early leading figures were English
which is NOT true of the scientific revolution?(Leaders?)
europeans held a view of the world that derived from Aristotle and Ptolemy, belived the earth was stationary, that angels guided the hierarchically arranged spheres that made up the universe
before the scientific revolution,
Giordano Bruno
which of the following figures of the scientific revolution was burned at the stake by officials of the catholic church?
they led to an emphasis on conflict and struggle as the motors of progress.
in what way did 19th century developments in the sciences challenge enlightenment principles? (emphasis on )
jean-jacques rousseau
which enlightenment figure minimized the importance of book learning for the education of children and prescribed instead an immersion in nature?
sigmund freud
who was the 19th century figure who applied scientific techniques to the operation of the human mind and emotions?
all were selective in their adoption of European science
which of the following best describes the adoption of modern European science in China, Japan, and the Ottoman empire during the early modern era? (selective in..)
Martin Luther
The Protestant Reformation began when a German priest named _______ came to a new understanding of salvation.
Taki onqoy
the religious revivalist movement in central Peru known as the _______ predicted that an alliance of Andean deities would soon overcome the Christian God and restore the world of the Andes to an imagined earlier harmony.
Jesuits
Members of the leading Christian missionary order in China, the ______, learned Chinese and became thoroughly acquainted with classical Confucian texts as part of their effort to convert the Chinese elite.
Isaac Newton
The English physicist ______ formulated the modern laws of motion and mechanics, which could be shown to apply to objects both in the heavens and on earth.
enlightenment
________thinkers sought to apply to human affairs the new approach to knowledge associated with the scientific revolution.
Charles Darwin
in the 19th century__________ developed the theory of natural selection, which emphasized the importance of conflict and struggle in the natural world.