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APES Ch15 Vocab
Terms in this set (26)
central part of the earth
outer part of the earth
the two sub-layers of the earth's crust that move, float, and sometimes fracture and whose interaction causes continental drift, earthquakes, volcanoes, mountains, and oceanic trenches.
convergent plate boundary
is an actively deforming region where two (or more) tectonic plates or fragments of the lithosphere move toward one another and collide.
divergent plate boundary
are moving away from each other and new crust is forming from magma that rises to the Earth's surface between the two plates.
a strike-slip fault occurring at the boundary between two plates of the earth's crust
wear away or change the appearance or texture of (something) by long exposure to the air.
is a form of physical weathering that involves the repeated freezing and thawing of water in areas with extremely cold weathe
lope movement or mass movement, is the geomorphic process by which soil, sand, regolith, and rock move downslope
a solid inorganic substance of natural occurrence.
a naturally occurring solid material from which a metal or valuable mineral can be profitably extracted.
rock is formed through the cooling and solidification of magma or lava.
rock that are formed by the deposition and subsequent cementation of that material at the Earth's surface and within bodies of water.
Rock that was once one form of rock but has changed to another under the influence of heat, pressure, or some other agent without passing through a liquid phase
method of extracting minerals near the surface of the Earth
is the removal of deposits from the earth by drilling underneath layers of rock and dirt.
is a surface mining technique of extracting rock or minerals from the earth by their removal from an open pit or borrow
a mine that is worked from the earth's surface by the stripping of overburden
Coal seams are extracted from a mountain by removing the land, or overburden, above the seams
Worthless rock or other material in which valuable minerals are found.
the residue of something, especially ore.
extract (metal) from its ore by a process involving heating and melting
the time it takes to use up about 80% of the mineral reserves at a given rate
in situ leaching
is a mining process used to recover minerals such as copper and uranium through boreholes drilled into a deposit
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