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Ways of the World AP World History Chapter 11 - The Mongol Movement
Terms in this set (42)
Islamic Empire that controlled what later became Morocco and southern Spain. Dominated west African gold trade and fought against efforts to drive out muslims out of Europe.
Deadly disease that supposedly originated in China and was spread by rats and fleas over the mongol empire. Rates of death ranged from 50-90%
Grandson of Chinggis Khan who led a second assault (1251-1258) upon Persia. Became 1st il-Khan of Persia
Grandson of Chinggis Khan, ordered a set of chinese style ancestral tablets to honor his ancestors and posthumously award them chinese names. His Policies evoked the values of a benevolent chinese emperor: improved roads, built canals, lowered taxes, patronized scholars and artist, limited death penalty and torture, supported peasant agriculture, and prohibited Mongols from grazing their animals on peasant farm land.
Mongol princess whose exploits in battle, along with her numerous husbands provides insight into the relative freedom and influence of elite mongol women
Kipchak Khanate/ Golden Horde
Mongol name for Russia (mid 13th century)
Ruler of Xiongnu empire who created a centralized and hierarchical political system
Lifestyle of herding domesticated animals for food, raised livestock
Temujin/ Chinggis Khan
Unified the Mongols and led gem on successful campaigns in Central Asia. His idea of an empire required tribute and trade rather than a bureaucratic reform and religious conversions. His name means "universal leader"
Mongol World war
Turkic speaking nomads who spread from western to Eastern Asia, and India. Created a series of nomadic empires and eventually assimilated into the Islamic empire
People of Mongolian steppe lands north of china, who formed a large scale nomadic empire in the 3rd & 2nd centuries BCE
Yuan dynasty Chjna
Mongol dynasty that ruled China 1271-1368, name means "great beginnings"
What role did pastoral societies play in world history?
They created nomadic empires and controlled major trade routes
Why didn't pastoral societies emerge in the Americas?
They lacked the large animals that could be domesticated and herded
What was the characteristic feature of a pastoral society?
Mobility, lack of agriculture
How did Mongol rule in Russia compare to that of Persia and China
Did not assimilate into the Russian culture
What were the long term effects of the Black Death on European society?
Rebellion and weakening of serfdom
What were the obstacles to the creation of large empires among pastoralists
Internal rivalry between clans
How were the Turks of the 10th and 14th centuries like the arabs and persians
Concerted to Islam and introduced it to the areas they conquered
What helped create the Mongol empire
Territories they invaded had internal divisions
What resulted from mongol rule over Russia
Adoption by Russian princes of mongols diplomatic rituals and court practices
How did the Turkic people transform from the 10th and 14th centuries?
Polytheistic worship to monotheism in Islam
How did the mongols contribute to the globalization of the Eurasian workd
Facilitated long- distance international commerce
Which region gained most from the exchanges of ideas and technologies facilitated by the mongol empire?
Which country was not conquered by the mongols despite repeated invasions?
What contributed to Temujin's rise to power and recognition as Chinggis Khan of the great Mongol nation
Incorporation of warriors from defeated tribes into his own forces
What are examples of the mongol rulers' policy toward people in the conquered territories?
Chinese and muslims were allowed to hold advisory positions in government
What aspects of chinese civilization did mongol rulers in the yuan dynasty adopt?
Use of tradition Confucian rituals
What role did mongol women play in the administration of the mongol empire?
Advised on government policies and court decisions
What was the most difficult and protracted of the mongols' many conquests?
What happened to the mongols in Persia in the 14th century
Assimilated into Persian lands
What city rose to power under mongol rule in russia
Why was promoting international commerce important to the Mongols?
Wanted to extract wealth from civilizations by taxing trade
What were the types of exchanges facilitated by the mongol rule over much of Eurasia?
Sharing of intelligence and information between Persia and china
What were the features of mongol rule
Tolerance of all religions
Why wasn't Western Europe conquered by the mongols
It lacked the adequate pasture for mongol herds
What ideas and techniques were excused within the Eurasian network facilitated by the Mongol Rule
Transmission of the Chinese practice of acupuncture to the middle east
Why did the Mongol empire play a significant role in world history
Brought together nomadic people's of inner Eurasia and the agricultural civilizations of outer Eurasia
How were the Europeans in the 16th century similar to the mongols in the 13th century
Both were on the periphery of the major established civilizations
Were the mongols something new in the realm of pastoral empires.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
WHAP Chapter 13: Political Transformations: Empire…
AP World History Chapter 18 Reading Quiz
AP World History Unit 3 Test Review
AP World History (Chapter 13 Test)
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