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48 terms

Chapter 12-15 Study Guide

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most important Southern crop in the 1840s and 1850s
cotton
On the eve of the Civil War, about _______ of white southern families owned at least one slave.
25%
Nat Turner gained notoriety
Slave revolt
13-14-15 Amendments
13 abolishes slavery, 14 citizenship, 15 voting
Denmark Vessey
Charleston South Carolina, revolt
The most obvious change in the North in the decades before the Civil War was
Industrialization
Commonwealth v. Hunt, Massachusetts
Collective bargaining
The first railroad to begin operating in the United States was
Baltimore and Ohio
Cyrus Hall McCormick
Mechanical reaper
Between the mid-1840s and the mid-1850s, the American economy
Unprecedented growth, major growth, all-time high
Harriet Beecher Stowe's novel
Uncle tom's cabin
"Young America" & William Walker ______
The young American movement, invade Nicaragua to spread democracy
The Ostend Manifesto
America should take Cuba
most prominent spokesman of the "Young America" movement
Stephen Douglas
Stephen Douglas staunchly belief ----- slavery question in the territories of Kansas & Nebraska
Popular Sovereignty
The ________ party was most closely associated with Americanism or nativism
Know-nothings
A major cause of the disorder in Kansas was the
People coming in from outside the territory, anti and pro slavery forces
In May 1856, ________ slaughtered five unarmed, pro-slavery settlers at Pottawatomie Creek in "bleeding Kansas."
John Brown
Senator ________ was beaten unconscious by a member of the House of Representatives after he gave his "The Crime Against Kansas" speech.
Sumner
The Supreme Court ruled the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional in the ________ decision.
Dred Scott
The Lecompton constitution +President Buchanan +problems with ally
Breakdown between Buchanan and Stephen Douglas
Freeport Doctrine.
Popular sovereignty
John Brown's major goal in attacking Harper's Ferry was to
To get weapons from the federal depot
After secession began in 1860, the proposed constitutional amendment which would have guaranteed the future existence of slavery south of the old Missouri Compromise line was the
Crittenden Compromise
The first and only President of the Confederacy
Jefferson Davis
The first major battle of the Civil War on July 21, 1861 was a disaster for the Union
Bull run
After the Union was defeated at Bull Run, Lincoln chose ________ to command the Union forces.
McClellan
Thaddeus Stevens, Charles Sumner, and Benjamin Wade were leaders of the
Radical Republicans
Members of the peace societies in the North were often called
Copperheads
The most notorious Peace Democrat was Ohio Congressman
Vallandigham
The most vexing problem the Confederacy had during the Civil War was
Funding
The North came to the brink of war with ________, when that nation built powerful cruisers and ironclad "rams" for the Confederate Navy
Great Britain
The early confidence of both sides was shocked by the staggering casualties sustained in 1862 at
Antietam
The Emancipation Proclamation
Answer is no single slave was freed, no one
In summer 1863, Lee launched his last assault into the North and was defeated in the battle of ________, which probably decided the fate of the Union.
Gettysburg
Grant's victory at ________ led to Lincoln's giving him command of all troops west of the Appalachians.
Vicksburg
After the South seceded, Congress passed several measures previously blocked by southern opposition, including the ________ Act.
Homestead
The former Democrat placed on the Lincoln ticket to assure victory in 1864 was
Andrew Johnson
The Union general noted for believing in and carrying out the doctrine of total war was
Sherman
In his second inaugural address, Lincoln
Healing our nation, getting everything back together
On April 9, 1865, Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant at
Appomattox Court House
President Lincoln's proposed plan for reconstructing the Union
10% plan, didn't want to punish the south
The measures restricting former slaves to working in farming and domestic service were the
Black codes
In April, 1866, for the first time in American history, a major piece of legislation became law over the veto of a president. It was the
Civil rights act
President Andrew Johnson-----tsk tsk
Impeach by Radical Republicans in congress (disobeyed tenure of office act)
As a result of black demands for economic independence and the shortage of capital, the South developed the agricultural system known as
Sharecropping, crop lien
Among the worst scandals of Grant's administration was the
Credit mobilier, whiskey ring
Compromise of 1877-------President
Rutherford B. Hayes