the study of genes to determine whether disease has inherited components and also to identify the specific genetic components of certain disease processes so they can be better treated.
the place where tests are performed on clinical specimens in order to get info about the health of a patient as pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
clinical laboratory improvement amendments (CLIA)
Quality standards for all lab testing to ensure the accuracy, reliability and timelines of patient test results CLIA waived tests - simple tests that may be performed in non-lab settings.
studies used or applied in the investigation and establishment of facts or evidence in a court of law.
exam of the entire specimen without sectioning of the specimen into thin slides that can be examined without the use of a microscope.
the measurement of DNA, RNA, proteins or metabolites to detect genotypes, mutations or biochemical changes.
identification of a microorganism based on the growth patterns, color, success in culturing the specimen in certain media, etc.
a test that identifies the amount of an analyte within a specified range but does not identify a specific quantity.
Diagnostic Test System
are placed into one of three CLIA regulatory categories 1) waved test, 2)tests of moderate complexity, 3) tests of high complexity.
Growth hormone suppression panel (glucose administration)
requires glucose be measure three time and human growth hormone be measured four times.
may be viruses, bacteria or other immune triggers the body fights off by creating antibodies
a technique for counting and examining microscopic particles, such as cells and chromosomes, by suspending them in a stream of fluid and passing them by and electronic detention apparatus.
procedure in which multiple drugs identified, Some machines identify all drugs present in one procedure
Others require two or more procedures to identify two or more drugs
Therapeutic drug assays
performed to help the physician monitor the level of medication in the patient's system or to monitor the patients compliance.
one that was done without the pathologist's review of the medical record of the patient
one in which the medical record was reviewed as part of the consultative services.
identifies specimen that normally do not need to be viewed under a microscope for pathologic diagnosis those for which the probability of disease or malignancy is minimal. (tooth)
Deals with those tissues that are usually considered normal tissue and have been removed not because of the probability of the presence of disease or malignancy, but for some other reason. (a fallopian tube for sterilization, foreskin of a newborn)