How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

55 terms

CPC Pathology and Laboratory

STUDY
PLAY
autopsy
exam of a dead body to determine the cause(s) of death (also called necropsy).
bacteriology
the study of bacteria.
cytopathology
the study of the cellular changes in disease.
cytogenetics
the study of genes to determine whether disease has inherited components and also to identify the specific genetic components of certain disease processes so they can be better treated.
clinical laboratory
the place where tests are performed on clinical specimens in order to get info about the health of a patient as pertaining to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
clinical laboratory improvement amendments (CLIA)
Quality standards for all lab testing to ensure the accuracy, reliability and timelines of patient test results CLIA waived tests - simple tests that may be performed in non-lab settings.
definitive identification
identification of the genus an dspecies of the microorganism.
forensics
studies used or applied in the investigation and establishment of facts or evidence in a court of law.
gross
exam of the entire specimen without sectioning of the specimen into thin slides that can be examined without the use of a microscope.
hematology
the study of the components and behavior of blood.
immunology
the study of the immune system and its components and function.
In Vivo
studies performed within the living body.
microbiology
the study of microscopic life.
microscopy (microscopic)
exam under a microscope.
molecular diagnostics
the measurement of DNA, RNA, proteins or metabolites to detect genotypes, mutations or biochemical changes.
necropsy
exam of a dead body to determine the cause(s) of death (also called autopsy).
panel
a group of tests that are performed together and are listed in the code description.
pathology
the study of diseased tissue and cells.
presumptive identification
identification of a microorganism based on the growth patterns, color, success in culturing the specimen in certain media, etc.
mycology
the study of fungi.
parasitology
the study of parasites
qualitative
a test that determines the presence or absence of a drug.
quantitative
a test that identifies not only the presence of a drug, but the exact amount present.
semi-quantitative
a test that identifies the amount of an analyte within a specified range but does not identify a specific quantity.
virology
the study of viruses.
Diagnostic Test System
are placed into one of three CLIA regulatory categories 1) waved test, 2)tests of moderate complexity, 3) tests of high complexity.
Bills for test
include the CLIA number of the testing locations.
Evocative and Suppression
tests describe how well various endocrine glands are functioning
Growth hormone suppression panel (glucose administration)
requires glucose be measure three time and human growth hormone be measured four times.
Antigens
may be viruses, bacteria or other immune triggers the body fights off by creating antibodies
Antibodies
are elements the human body creates to deal with antigens
Pap smear
which are examinations of cerival and/or vaginal cells,
flow cytometry
a technique for counting and examining microscopic particles, such as cells and chromosomes, by suspending them in a stream of fluid and passing them by and electronic detention apparatus.
Chromatography
procedure in which multiple drugs identified, Some machines identify all drugs present in one procedure
Others require two or more procedures to identify two or more drugs
Limited
without review of medical record
Comprehensive
with review of medical record
Specimen
sample of tissue of suspect area
Block
frozen piece of specimen
Section
slice of frozen block
Surgical Pathology
Six levels
Indicators
allow additional test to be performed without a written order from the physician
Therapeutic drug assays
performed to help the physician monitor the level of medication in the patient's system or to monitor the patients compliance.
Drug assay
test for a specific drug and for the amount of that drug.
Generic names
listed by the drugs
limited consultation
one that was done without the pathologist's review of the medical record of the patient
comprehensive consultation
one in which the medical record was reviewed as part of the consultative services.
nonspecific
tests performed on urine
specific
tests performed on material from any sources.
Urobilinogen
reduced bilirubin.
Level 1
identifies specimen that normally do not need to be viewed under a microscope for pathologic diagnosis those for which the probability of disease or malignancy is minimal. (tooth)
Level 2
Deals with those tissues that are usually considered normal tissue and have been removed not because of the probability of the presence of disease or malignancy, but for some other reason. (a fallopian tube for sterilization, foreskin of a newborn)
Level 3
a assigned for specimens with a low probability of disease or malignancy.
Level 4
designates a higher probability of malignancy or decision making for disease pathology.
Level 5
classifies more complex pathology evaluation
Level 6
includes examination of neoplastic tissue or very involved specimens, such as a total resection of a colon.