English IV NCFE Study Terms
Terms in this set (63)
the most important point the author tries to make
methods a writer uses to develop characters
the author explains through direct statements what the character is like (kind, evil, etc.).
the writer reveals information about a character and his personality through that character's thoughts, words, and actions
opposition between or among characters or forces in a literary work that spurs or motivates the action of a plot (internal, external; person vs. person, self, nature, society)
the feelings or emotions surrounding/associated with a word, beyond its literal meaning. Generally positive or negative in nature.
the dictionary definition of a word
the lines spoken by characters in drama or fiction
Writing or speech that is used to create vivid impressions by setting up comparisons between dissimilar things, (examples are metaphor, simile, and personification).
a conclusion one can draw from the presented details
a figure of speech comparing to unlike things without using like or as
summary produced without bias or opinion using textual evidence
a figure of speech wherein the author groups two apparently contradictory terms. "jumbo shrimp" and "cruel kindness."
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
point of view
a mental position from which things are viewed; the perspective or angle from which a story is told; the position the author takes which makes his/her writing achieve its purpose. (objective, subjective, political, religious, environmental, young, etc...)
The time and place of a story
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
a central message or insight into life revealed through a literary work
is the author's reason for writing or speaking: to inform, to entertain, to persuade, to praise, to celebrate, to warn.
A question asked solely to pose an idea for consideration (not to be answered)
The way a story's events are assembled, or the form a poem or play takes
an appeal based on logic or reason
an appeal based on the character/reputation/ credibility of the speaker.
appeal to emotion
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
the pattern of rhyme in a poem
a group of lines in a poem or song that constitute a division (in prose: paragraph)
words that have similar meanings
words that have opposite meanings
the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
A reference to something literary, mythological, or historical to enhance the meaning of an idea
Comparison of two similar but different things, used to clarify an action or a relationship. Ex: Shells were to ancient cultures as dollar bills are to modern American culture.
A story or brief episode told by the writer or a character to illustrate a point.
A recurring symbol, character, landscape, or event found in myth and literature across different cultures and eras (hero, journey to the underworld, creation, etc.)
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation
an overstatement; the act of making something seem greater than it is
a scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present
an author's use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in the story
a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
words or phrases appealing to one or more of the five senses in order to create a mental picture
The use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning.
a circumstance in which the audience or reader knows more about a situation than a character
events turn out the opposite of what was expected
A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant
the overall emotion created by a work of literature
a character's incentive or reason for behaving in a certain manner; that which impels a character to act
writing that tells a story
the use of words that imitate sounds
a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
a joke that results from multiple word meanings
a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song
repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
a (usually long) dramatic speech given by a character alone on stage
The attitude of the author toward the audience and characters (e.g., serious or humorous).
the opposite of hyperbole. It Is a kind of irony that deliberately represents something as being much less that it really is. Ex. "I think I can manage to survive on a salary of 2 million a year".
a narrator whose account of events appears to be faulty, misleadingly biased, or otherwise distorted
a fact about the whole (as opposed to specific)
an author's choice of words, which combine to help create meaning and tone.
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences; word order
From the Greek for "orator," this term describes the principles governing the art of writing effectively, eloquently, and persuasively. (the art of persuasion)
a figure of speech characterized by strongly contrasting words, clauses, sentences, or ideas; the direct opposite
character that shows qualities that are in contrast with the qualities of another character with the objective to highlight the traits of the other character.
a word or phrase which means something different from its literal meaning (ex. "actions speak louder than words" or "costs an arm and a leg")
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