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a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society
judicial interpretations of common law principles and doctrines, as well as interpretations of constitutional law, statutory law, and administrative law
the system of laws originated and developed in England and based on court decisions, on the doctrines implicit in those decisions, and on customs and usages rather than on codified written laws
set of laws which deal with actions which are considered dangerous to the public welfare or morals, or to the interests of the state. Laws which are not criminal laws are civil laws.
The branch of law dealing with the definition and enforcement of all private or public rights, as opposed to criminal matters.
a private wrong or injury, other than breach of contract, for which the court will provide a remedy
an offense committed prior to and in preparation for what may be a more serious offense; it is a complete offense in itself, even though the act to be done may not have been completed
behavior in which a person fails to reasonably perceive substantial and unjustifiable risks of of dangerous consequesnes
ex post facto
"after the fact." An ex post facto law is one which makes a particular act illegal, and punishes people who committed that crime before the law was passed, i.e., when the act was legal. "Ex post facto" means "from a thing done afterward" in Latin.
element (of a crime)
In a specific crime one of the essential features of that crime as specified by law or statue
A rule for insanity determining whether or not the defendant knew what he or she was doing was wrong
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