93 terms

List -8; MOSAIC (Gold Edition); Chapter 7; Remarkable Individuals: Confucious

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remarkable
unusual or surprising and therefore deserving attention or praise
profound
having a strong influence or effect; deep / - profoundly (adv)
ardent
showing strong positive feelings about an activity and determination to succeed / enthusiastic
brilliant
extremely clever or skillful
dignity
the sense of one's own value or importance
oppress
to treat a group of people unfairly or cruelly / oppression (n) - oppressive (adj)
reputation
the opinion that people have about someone; image
intellect
the ability to understand things and to think intelligently / intellectual (adj)
enduring
continuing for a very long time; lasting
inspire
to make someone have a particular feeling or react in a particular way/ inspirational (adj)
oppose
to disagree with something such as a plan and try to prevent it from happening
morality
beliefs or ideas about what is right and wrong and about how people should behave
permeate
if a liquid, gas, etc. permeates something, it enters it and spreads through every part of it
influential
having a lot of influence and therefore changing the way people think and behave
prestige
the respect and admiration that someone or something gets because of their success or important position in society I prestigious (adj)
eventually
after a long time, or after a lot of things have happened ; finally
principality
a country that is ruled by a prince
rear
to look after a person or animal until they are fully grown; raise
diligent
someone who works hard , careful and thorough / diligence (n) - diligently (adv)
learned
a learned person has a lot of knowledge
compile
gto make a book, list, record, etc. using different pieces of information
disciple
someone who believes in the ideas of a great teacher or leader, especially a religious one ; follower
benevolent
kind and generous / benevolence (n) - benevolently (adv)
notion
an idea, belief, or opinion
strive
to make a great effort to achieve something
virtue
moral goodness of character and behavior / virtuous (adj)
tyranny
cruel or unfair control over other people
subject
someone who was born in a country that has a king or queen, or someone who has a right to live there
outlook
your general attitude to life and the world
primarily
mainly
claim
to state that something is true, even though it has not been proved
urge
to advise or try hard to persuade somebody to do something
reform
to improve a system, law, organization, etc. by making a lot of changes to it, so that it operates in a fairer or more effective way
suppress
to stop somebody from opposing by using force
holocaust
a situation in which there is great destruction and a lot of people die
dynasty
a family of kings or other rulers whose parents, grandparents, etc. have ruled the country for many years
found
establish
millennium
a period of 1000 years / millennia (plural)
commoner
someone who is not a member of the nobility
be composed of
to be formed of, consist of
absorb
to read or hear a large amount of new information and understand it
enormous
very big in size or in amount ; huge
seize
to take control of a place suddenly and quickly, using military force, seize power, to take hold of something suddenly and violently, grab
industrious
hardworking ; diligent
orderly
peaceful or well-behaved
impressively
admirably, interestingly
diverse
very different from each other
courageously
bravely
lament
to express feelings of great sadness about something; complaint
perception
the way you think about something and your idea of what it is like
torture
to deliberately hurt someone in order to force them to give you information, to punish them, or to be cruel
compelling
very interesting or exciting, so that you have to pay attention
compel
to force someone to do something
eloquent
able to express your ideas and opinions well, especially in a way that influences people / eloquently (adv)
celebrated
famous
celebrity
a famous living person; star
laureate
someone who has been given an important prize or honor, especially the Nobel Prize
unsung
not praised or famous for something you have done, although you deserve to be
boundary
border
determination
the quality of trying to do something even when it is difficult
valor
great courage, especially in war
commitment
a promise to do something or to behave in a particular way ; obligation
overwhelming
very large or greater, more important than any other
decent
following moral standards that are acceptable to society
desperate
needing or wanting something very much desperately (adv)
filthy
very dirty
isolated
remote
massive
unusually large, powerful, or damaging
coalition
a group of people who join together to achieve a particular purpose, usually a political one
crisis
a situation in which there are a lot of problems that must be dealt with quickly so that the situation does not get worse or more dangerous
atrocity
very cruel and violent action, especially in a war / atrocious (adj) - atrociously (adv)
repression
cruel and severe control of a large group of people
dissent
refusal to agree with an official decision or accepted opinion, opposition
principled
having strong beliefs about what is right and wrong; based on strong beliefs
assume
to start to have control, responsibility, etc. or to start in a particular position or job/ to assume power
negotiation
official discussions between the representatives of opposing groups who are trying to reach an agreement, especially in business or politics
accord
a formal agreement between countries or groups
monitor
to carefully watch and check a situation to see how it changes over a period of time
violation
an action that breaks a law, agreement, principle, etc.
foster
to help a skill, feeling, idea ,etc. develop over a period of time
vicious
violent and cruel
conflict
a state of disagreement or argument
campaign (v)
to lead or take part in a series of actions intended to achieve a particular social or political result
demilitarize
to remove the weapons, soldiers, etc. from a country or area so that there can be no fighting there
tragic
a tragic event or situation makes you feel very sad, especially because it involves death or suffering
consequence
something that happens as a result of a particular action ; corollary
shrine
a place that is connected with a holy event or holy person, and that people visit to pray - the holy shrine of Makkah
atone
to do something to show that you are sorry for having done something wrong -What would I do to atone for my sins?
allege
to say that something is true or that someone has done something wrong, although it has not been proved -It was alleged that the policeman had accepted bribes.
instill
to teach someone to think, behave, or feel in a particular way over a period of time - A manager's job is to instill determination into his players.
daring
involving a lot of risk or danger, or brave enough to do risky things
unleash
to suddenly let a strong force, feeling, etc. have its full effect: - His comments unleashed a wave of protest.
inherent
a quality that's inherent in something is a natural part of it and can't be separated from it I'm afraid the problems you mention are inherent in the system.