Key Literary Terms in Gothic Literature
Terms in this set (52)
Not concrete, an idea
Relating to - the appreciation or consideration of - beauty
Made to feel distanced, isolated, even hostile. Can be experienced when people feel that their lives LACK FULL MEANING because they are just part of a process eg Heathcliff (solitary neighbour)
A narrative that can be read on more than one level (surface meaning, meaning under the surface - like fable). Involves aspects of religion, morality or politics.
Where one person has opposite feelings towards the same object or idea.
Firmly or conventionally associtated contrasting pairs in which the relationship between the two concepts is central to the understanding of both eg love and hate; good and evil; coward and hero (present in Wuthering Heights, The Bloody Chamber and Macbeth)
Unrhymed verse; usually written in IAMBIC PENTAMETERS (10 syllable lines with FIVE stresses).
In the context of narrative means TRADITIONAL, based on CONVENTIONAL FORMS and a sense of ORDER, HARMONY and PROPORTION (Gothic texts go beyond this narrative concept).
Circumstances surrounding the text (where it first appeared, social attitudes today) which affect way it is understood. Means 'what goes with the text'.
Of a DECEPTIVE nature, capable of DOUBLE or MULTIPLE meanings.
From 'elegy'; LAMENT for the dead, or for the loss of an IDYLLIC STATE or EXPERIENCE.
Free from restraint, usually LEGAL, SOCIAL or POLITICAL.
A long narrative - often a poem - on a heroic scale, deals with great deeds, dangerous journeys and outsize characters eg Lord of the Rings
Belief that literature is 'real', peopled by 'real' people.
Philosophy concerned with finding self and the meaning of life through free will, choice and personal responsibility.
Human free will; Human nature is chosen through life choices; A person is best when struggling against their individual nature, fighting for life; Decisions are not without stress and consequences; Society is unnatural and its traditional religious and secular rules are arbitrary; Worldly desire is futile.
Term apllied to central protagonist who gives name to title of text eg Macbeth
Relating to EXPLORATION and INTERPRETATION of women's experience within society (or within a text). Especially RECOGNITION of the historical and cultural SUBORDINATION of women, and the resolve to do something about it.
Aspects of a text in its totality that enable it to be identified as a novel or a poem, or an epistolarly novel (story in form of letters) or sonnet (poem of 14 lines)
A type of text. Texts can be GROUPED and LABELLED for various reasons, eg CONTENT, INTENDED AUDIENCE, how READERS RESPOND TO THEM
Choosing to follow a life of pleasure
Inward-looking; self examining
An appeal; often to a higher power
Period of reign of James 1 (1603-1625)
Specific words or phrases in the text.
Song like; expressing feeling
Many aspects but describes social change in terms of economic factors. Interested in aspects of power. In socio-economic terms, a Marxist view would say that it is economics that determine everything else.
How significant parts of text work together to form a whole; connection between chapters in the novel, or way time is organised, or connection between verses in a poem.
Representation of women and men through cultural stereotypes. Can and should be endlessly disputed e.g. masculine and feminine, masculinity and femininity.
The representation of ideas, objects and states of mind through an associated network of references.
Involves reference to a whole thing by either part of it or by something associated with it e.g. The UK government is often represented by 10 Downing Street. Seen as very important when analysing CULTURAL REPRESENTATION.
Complex term. Usually referring to story that it not 'true', and deals with the supernatural and ideas of creation.
Style in architecture and art especially from mid-18th century to early 19th century, inspired by the models of classical Greece and Rome. 'Neo' comes from the Greek word 'neos' which means 'new'.
Oedipus complex (Carter)
From psychoanalysis referring to suppressed desire of a son for his mother or a daughter for her father; considered by Freud to be a normal part of child development. Jealousy of the other parent derives from these desires.
A created voice, not the voice of the author.
Human qualities attributed to non-human things.
Principal character in narrative; often but not always the hero or heroine.
Opposite to essentialist; literature often seen as offering highly selective versions of the world, not the world itself.
Someone who returns (from the dead).
Designed merely to appeal to emotions.
Convey meaning through a 'sign'. In a linguistic feature, phrase that conveys particular meanings and associations.
Act of comparing is explicity drawn attention to - most frequently by use of works 'like' and 'as'.
Undermined by a particular perceptions or reality e.g. social system in Wuthering Heights.
Suggestion or connection between things rather than a direct comparison. Often repeated or part of bigger scheme of suggestion. Menotymy describes a single instance of connection.
Study of relationship between words and other units withing a sentence.
Natural and man-made features of a geographical area.
State of shock
Language as it is used in ordinary everyday contexts.
Tending to induce dizziness
Ways in which texts connect to each other by referring to other texts.
Verse pattern where metrical feet consist of an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
To draw attention to something by means of a particular expression or use of language.