20 terms

Struggles Over Slavery

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Plantation
a Big farm that usually grows one crop. In the South it was mainly cotton or tobacco.
Union
The Northern states that remained part of the nation and fought against the Confederacy.
Abolitionist
person who wanted to end slavery
Confederacy
The Southern states that left the United States and formed their own country. Jefferson Davis was the President of the Confederacy.
Secession
The separation of a state from a nation.
State's Rights
The right of each U.S. State to make its own local laws.
Underground Railroad
It was a series of secret routes out of the South along which escaped slaves traveled North to freedom.
Compromise
Is when each side gives in a little to reach an agreement.
Fugitive Slave Law
A rule that was written in the Compromise of 1850 that stated: If a slave goes from the South to the North, they are a fugitive slave and can be returned to their owners even if they reached a free state.
Free State
a state that did not allow slavery
Slave State
a state that allowed slavery
Mason-Dixion Line
An imaginary line that was used. States north of the line were free states and states south of the line were slave states
Conductors
People who helped slaves escape on the Underground Railroad.
Stations
Places such as houses, farms, churches that would hide and help slaves on the Underground Railroad.
Harriet Tubman
She was an escaped slave that made repeated trips back to the South to help slaves escape. During the Civil War she was a spy and a nurse.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
She wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin. The book described the cruelties of slavery and convinced many people to oppose slavery.
Abraham Lincoln
He was opposed to slavery and was elected in 1860 as the 16th President of the United States.
Jefferson Davis
He was the President of the Confederate States.
Civil War
This is a war among citizens of the same country. April 12, 1861 is when Confederate forces fired on Fort Sumter and the Civil War began.
Dred Scott
He was a slave who was taken to a free state. When his owner died, Scott sued for his freedom. The Supreme Court declared that slaves are property, not people and did not have any rights because they were not citizens.